Occupational physicians are doctors who specialize in the health issues that arise in the workplace. They are often employed as consultants to determine the cause of a work-related injury, decide how serious it appears to be, and assess the job site where the incident occurred. They might also conduct medical screenings or tests for an employer.
A company may employ the services of an occupational physician to analyze the workplace and make suggestions for policy changes to reduce the likelihood of on-the-job injuries. The company can either do this pre-emptively or in response to an incident that has already occurred. Occupational physicians also advise companies on policies to reduce the spread of contagious diseases and their associated expenses, such as employee absences and insurance claims. In addition, occupational physicians can be hired to give advice on how to make the employees and the workplace healthier overall.