A proctologist is a medical professional who is responsible for working with diseases and disorders in the rectum, colon and anus. Proctologists meet with patients and discuss their medical history, while discussing any possible symptoms present in the body. While meeting with a patient, these doctors will diagnose diseases and disorders by using techniques and instruments to inspect the rectum and colon. Proctologists treat disorders with prescription medications or surgically remove or repair the diseased parts infecting the body.
Proctologists specialize in Anorectic conditions, inflammatory bowel disease, Endoscopy of the colon and rectum and anal cancer and tumours. These doctors are also responsible for treating colon cancer, haemorrhoids, Crohn's disease and polyps.