In India a number of orthopaedic procedures are available such as hip and knee joint replacement, the Illizarov technique, limb lengthening, Birmingham Hip resurfacing technique (which scores over conventional hip joint replacement surgery and is still unavailable even in the US) etc.
Many hospitals in India specialize in latest techniques and treatments such as minimal invasive surgery, cartilage and bone transplantation, spine surgery and limb sparing surgery. All kinds of muscular- skeletal problems ranging from Arthritis to sports injuries, to complex broken bones, bone tumours and childhood conditions like scoliosis are treated most effectively in India at costs much lower than in USA and UK.
Joint Replacement Surgery, i.e. shoulder/hip replacement and bilateral knee replacement surgery using the most advanced keyhole or endoscopic surgery and arthroscopy is done at several hospitals in India.
What is a joint replacement surgery?
Joint replacement surgery is removing a damaged joint and putting in a new one. A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and shoulder. The surgery is usually done by a doctor called an orthopaedic surgeon. Sometimes, the surgeon will not remove the whole joint, but will only replace or fix the damaged parts.
The doctor may suggest a joint replacement to improve how you live. Replacing a joint can help you relieve pain and move and feel better. Joints that can be replaced include the shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows. Hip and knee Joints are replaced most often.
What happens during joint replacement surgery?
First, the surgical team will give you medicine so you won't feel pain (anaesthesia). The medicine may block the pain only in one part of the body (regional), or it may put your whole body to sleep (general). The team will then replace the damaged joint with prosthesis.
Each surgery is different. How long it takes depends on how badly the joint is damaged and how the surgery is done. To replace a knee or a hip takes about 2 hours or less, unless there are complicating factors. After surgery, you will be moved to a recovery room for 1 to 2 hours until you are fully awake or the numbness goes away. The average time taken for joint replacement surgery is 1 – 1 ½ hours.
What to expect after the joint replacement surgery?
If the surgery goes well, without any complications, the patient can be mobile on crutches within 48 hours itself. Usually 3-4 physiotherapy sessions are advised for the patient so that he understands the new prosthesis properly and trained to use the joint correctly.
Why should one go for joint replacement surgery to India?
Most Important Reason to do so is that the cost of the joint surgery is very low in India-almost 20% of the cost of what one would pay in USA, Canada or UK.
Medical Tourism India (Health Tourism India) is a concept whereby people from the world over visit India for their medical, surgical and relaxation needs. There is a growing need is for high level specialized treatments like transplantation of vital organs, cancer treatment, neuro-surgery, cardiac surgery and many more in western countries. Most common treatments are heart surgery, knee and hip joint replacement, cosmetic surgery and dental care. The reason India is a favourable destination is because of its infrastructure and technology in which is in par with those in the USA, UK and Europe. India has some of the best hospitals and treatment centres in the world with the best facilities. Additionally, India is one of the most favourable tourist destinations in the world.