Call us  +91 8010 33 55 66

Hi Guest                                                     

      
Full Body Health Checkup I
Price Rs. 2200.00
Discount Rs. 0.00
Payable Rs.2200.00
Book Now
 
Thallasemia Profile
Price Rs. 1800.00
Discount Rs. 360.00
Payable Rs.1440.00
Book Now
 
View Article
Article Views: 370
What is Cervical Ectopy (Cervical Erosion)?
Posted on Oct 26, 2015
Cervical erosion is a raw-looking granular appearance on the cervix. It occurs when the inner lining of the cervical canal (columnar epithelium) comes out onto the part of the cervix that can be visualised with a speculum. It appears as a red, velvet-like area.

Cervical erosion is related to the hormone called oestrogen and is common in young girls, during pregnancy and in women on the contraceptive pill. It should not be regarded as a sign of disease because it is frequently found in perfectly healthy women.

Normally, the inside of the cervical canal is lined with columnar epithelium and the outside with squamous epithelium. These connect at the squamous-columnar junction. In cervical erosion, the columnar epithelium may extend further down ad protrude on the surface of the cervical OS and onto the vaginal portion of cervix. It may also undergo squamous metaplasia and transform to stratified squamous epithelium.

Causes of Cervical Erosion

Oestrogen level:
 Cervical erosion is believed to be a response to high levels of circulating oestrogen in the body. Oestrogen levels may be high at different times in a woman's life.
  • Cervical Erosion is a very common finding during pregnancy - believed to be due to the high levels of oestrogen levels in the body at that time. It can cause mild bleeding during pregnancy, usually during sexual intercourse when the penis touches the cervix. The erosion disappears spontaneously 3-6 months after childbirth.
  • All birth control pills contain the hormones, oestrogen and progesterone in different strengths. Cervical erosion is more common in women taking pills with a high level of oestrogen.
  • Cervical erosion is found in at least 1/3rd of all female babies. Many researchers believe that this is a response to the maternal oestrogen that the babies are subjected to while still in the uterus. The erosion disappears in early childhood as the influence decreases.
  • Hormone replacement Therapy in menopause mainly consists of replacement of oestrogen in the body through pills, patches, creams etc. This oestrogen can cause cervical erosion.
  • Cervical erosion is rarely seen in women after the menopause as the level of oestrogen in the blood is very low.

Infections:
The belief that infection is the cause of cervical erosion is slowly losing ground. Evidence is increasing that infection does not cause cervical erosion but it is rather the other way around - the changed cells of cervical erosion are more susceptible to various bacteria and yeast and tends to get infected very easily. So cervical erosion and cervical infections are often seen together, leading to the belief that infection causes cervical erosion.

Miscellaneous Causes: It is believed by many that chronic infection of the vagina, vaginal douching and chemical contraceptions like anti-sperm gels can change the normal level of acidity of the vagina and cause cervical erosion. But these theories are yet to be proved.

Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Erosion

Most women with cervical erosion do not have any symptoms. But women with a large area of erosion can suffer from:
  • Increased Vaginal Discharge
  • Bleeding
  • Other symptoms of cervical erosion like backache, chronic ill health and even infertility have been said to be due to cervical erosion

Tests for Cervical Erosion

Cervical erosion has to be differentiated from other cervical ulcers caused by carcinoma, syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases. A cervical biopsy should ideally be carried out.

Treatment of Cervical Erosion

If the cervical erosion has no symptoms but has been discovered on routine examination, treatment is not necessary. In many cases, the erosion tends to disappear spontaneously.

If symptoms are present however, active treatment becomes necessary. The aim of the treatment of cervical erosion is to destroy the columnar cells so that normal squamous cells can grow in their place:
  • Electrocautery: The cells are burned off by using heat generated by electric current.
  • Diathermy: High temperature is applied to the area of cervical erosion via shortwave or microwave electric current or by ultrasound to generate deep heat so that the cells are damaged.
  • Cryocautery: Extreme cold generated by the application of nitrous oxide gas is used to destroy the cells.

The area of cervical erosion takes 6-8 weeks to heal. So the patient is asked to avoid sex and not to use tampons or douches during this period to avoid any injury.
Written by : Lazoi Team
Read latest articles...
Read all articles of Lazoi Team
How to get rid of bloating..Read More
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes and more..Read More
Drug Dilemma: Drugs banned overseas are easily available in India..Read More
How to escape post-work fatigue and bubble with energy..Read More
Conditions responsible for causing infertility..Read More
Search Doctors by Speciality
Best Pediatrician in Delhi
Best Dentist in Delhi
Best Psychiatrist in Delhi
Best Neurologist in Delhi
Best Oncologist in Delhi
Best Acupuncturist in Delhi
Best Chest & Allergy in Delhi
Best Diabetologist in Delhi
Best Physiotherapist in Delhi
Best Gynecologist in Delhi
Best Cardiologist in Delhi
Best Pulmonologist in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Delhi
Best Dietician in Delhi
Best Endocrinologist in Delhi
Best Nephrologist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic in Delhi
Best Psychologist in Delhi
Best Homeopathy in Delhi
Best Urologist in Delhi
Best Ayurvedic in Delhi
Best Nutritionist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Plastic-Cosmetic Surgeon in Delhi
Best General Physician in Delhi
Best General Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Delhi
Best Gastroenterologist in Delhi
Best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ophthalmologist in Delhi
Best General Practitioner in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Mumbai
Best Dentist in Mumbai
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Bangalore
Best Gastroenterologist in Bangalore
Best Gynecologist in Noida
Best General Physician in Noida
Best Pediatrician in Noida
Best Plastic Cosmetic Surgeon in Noida
Best Dermatologist in Pune
Best Gynecologist in Navi Mumbai
Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Ophthalmologist in Bangalore
Best Dentist in Gurgaon
Best General Physician in Gurgaon
Best General Practitioner in Gurgaon
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Gurgaon
Best Gynecologist in Mumbai
Best Gynecologist in Thane
Best Dermatologist in Bangalore
Best Pediatrician in Mumbai
Best Physiotherapist in Faridabad
Best Orthopaedic in Faridabad
Best Dentist in Faridabad
Best Ophthalmologist in Faridabad
Best Gynecologist in Pune
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Mumbai
Best General Practitioner in Bangalore
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Mumbai
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Faridabad
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Company
About Us
Press Releases
Terms of Use
Disclaimer
Privacy Policy
Sitemap
Home
Our Services
DocPractice™ Premium
Health Card
Hospital SignUp
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Hospital listing
Diagnostic center
Corporates
Support
Contact us
Ecommerce Flow / Incorporated
Read Articles
Learn About Diseases
Learn About Diagnostic Tests
Learn About Generic Drugs
Videos
Social media
Follow us
Lazoi on Facebook Lazoi on Twitter Lazoi on Google Plus Lazoi on BlogSpot
Make online secure payment using


MasterCard  VISA  NetBanking 
Copyright © 2016 Lazoi Lifecare™ Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Website Version 3.2.2