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Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML): Facts about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

  • Posted on- Oct 15, 2015
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Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) is a form of cancer that begins in blood-forming cells of the bone marrow and invades the blood. It is often referred to as a health condition where there are too many monocytes (a type of white blood cell) in the blood.

Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) develops at a slow pace and can pose a threat to life if not treated on time. The treatment involves getting rid of Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia completely which is done by having a stem cell transplant. Sadly, this type of treatment is not conducive to every individual.

Signs and symptoms of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML)
Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia doesn’t cause symptoms at first. But when monocytes start to grow in large numbers, it depicts the following signs and symptoms:

Tests and diagnosis for chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML)

If you are showing above mentioned signs and symptoms of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia, then your doctor may perform the following tests and procedures:

Available treatments for chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML)

Treatment of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia depends on several factors including the severity of the condition, your age, health and overall preferences. Treatment options for chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia include:
  • Supportive treatment: The objective of supportive treatment is to control the symptoms of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia. The treatment depends on the type of symptoms you have. You may require a combination of treatments such as blood transfusions and growth factor drugs.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the common treatment for patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia. The therapy uses anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells. The drugs work by disrupting the growth of cells and stopping them from dividing. You may have chemotherapy as a tablet or an injection into a vein.
  • Donor stem cell transplant: In a donor stem cell transplant you receive high doses of chemotherapy. After the high dose treatment you have stem cells from a donor. To be able to have this treatment you need a stem cell donor. The donor is someone whose stem cells match yours.

Coping with chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia can be difficult, both practically and emotionally. Being well informed about your condition and its treatment can help you to make decisions.


user profile image
12-09-2016 03:11 PM

was diagnosed with CMML almost eight years agoat age, 65, too old for a bone marrow transplant.

user profile image
24-05-2016 01:31 AM

It is a very rare disease, there is no 100% perfect cure available till.

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