Neurointervention is a term often used to illustrate a treatment approach to health problems that develop within the vessels of the brain or within the spinal cavity. Neurointerventional procedures are minimally invasive, meaning they can be accomplished through tiny incisions no bigger than the size of a nickel. They are utilised in place of more invasive procedures which require opening the skull or exposing the spinal column.
In health conditions affecting the brain, doctors initially insert a catheter, which looks like a long tube into the groin and then thread it up through the vessels to the problem area. Once the catheter is in place, depending on the problem, doctors can deliver medications or utilise medical devices to accomplish treatment.
For spinal anomalies resulting from compression fractures, tumours of the spine or narrowing of the spinal canal, doctors insert cannulas, which also look like long tubes, directly at the problem area and work through them to eliminate any pressure on the nerve area in order to relieve the patient of any pain and discomfort.
In both scenarios, what makes it possible for doctors to efficiently use neurointerventional procedures is technology which transmits internal images of the brain or the spine on a large screen throughout the procedure allowing them to clearly envisage the problem site.
There are many conditions of the brain and spine which can be treated through neurointerventional procedures, some of the most well-known including aneurysms, strokes and spinal compression fractures. Although neurointervention is not the appropriate treatment for every individual patient case that falls within these categories, these surgical techniques have proven themselves as viable and effective therapies that offer patients many benefits over traditional treatments, such as shorter recovery times, fewer complications and less post-operative pain.
Because neurointerventional treatments are considered less invasive than more conventional modes of treatment yet yield successful treatment outcomes, they are often attractive options to patients.