As a child is born, all such neurons are already present in the physiological system that the child will ever have in its whole life. The number of such neurons is about 100 billion. The majority of these billions of neurons, however, connect to each other only after birth. There are certain developments in the brain that occur prior to birth as well.
The primary development of the child's brain takes place when the baby is in the mother's womb. The first thirty six weeks are very important when you are carrying your baby in your womb. During this period, the baby learns several important things that prove to be very vital for the rest of the baby's life. The brain begins to get a proper shape and the baby slowly starts developing the primary senses. The baby's taste buds also begin to develop in this stage and after the taste buds mature a little, your baby actually tastes the foods that you take regularly. The baby's brain matures slowly and this development leads to the whole process of brain development in children. In this stage, the brain development includes the baby's sexual development, hearing development, and the other important developments that a human body needs. It may sound a bit incredible but it is a fact that your baby can form his or her memories in this early stage of brain development in children.
Your baby starts learning when he or she was a foetus. The prenatal development of the brain of your baby helps him or her to understand the outer world when the baby opens his or her eyes and sees the first rays of the sun. Brain development in children is a steady and long persistent process. If you think that your child is taking too much time to learn anything, do not think that it is something abnormal. It may happen that your baby is taking more time to learn something. It depends on the brain and its functions.
The brain gets developed day by day. When your baby is three months old, you can notice that the baby slightly responds to your voice. When the baby was a foetus, the baby could hear your voice and the other sounds that come from the outer world. The foetus had become habituated to your voice when the process of hearing had begun. Your baby can memories all the things and he/she makes a connection with that habituated voice.
Brain development in children is not at all a short term process. The development process starts very early in life and it stops with the stop of life. The plasticity of a child's brain is more than that of an adult. The children can memorize things more than any adult for this reason. It helps the children to learn more from the environment.
By the time the child reaches 5 years the brain becomes highly flexible and prepares itself for learning. A process known as pruning reduces over time, but brain cells that are not activated during the first five years will be permanently lost. It is essential that your child receives the right targeted stimulation in these critical five years through developmentally appropriate activities that target different spheres of the brain. Focused stimulation and repetition in an enriching environment will assist in wiring the brain to help your child reach their ultimate potential. Encourage your child's development by exposing them to lots of new, positive experiences.
The learning process is still rapid from five to ten, but brain cells are being pruned away simultaneously. At ten, the pruning process speeds up, taking away unused connections in order to properly organize the brain's wiring.
The brain is still learning when the child becomes an adult, but it is not as flexible as it was at a younger age. For this reason, older learners and adults learn new things more slowly, whether it is a foreign language or how to use a computer. It is the support developed at a far younger age that allows your child to continue learning successfully. They will then have an optimal neural structure as well as a strong foundation on which to build.