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Health problems related to ear, nose and throat

  • Posted on- Aug 25, 2015
  • 193 Views

We don’t often hear someone dying of a sore throat, swimmer’s ear, or sinusitis, as they are not serious health conditions. But these can be annoying and discomforting as they interfere with our day-to-day activities. Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that deals with disorders and conditions of the ear, nose, and throat.

These problems are commonly seen in children than in adults. Frequent illness can hamper the growth of children and also affect their personal and social life. Children bunk school and many not be able to concentrate on studies. So it is important to have knowledge about common ENT problems so that you can take care of your children in a better manner.

Common Ear Problems

Perforated eardrum, Meniere’s disease, swimmer’s ear, and cholesteatoma are some of the common ear problems, which are generally caused by infections. For example, swimmer's ear is caused by bacteria or fungus that grows in the water trapped in the ear passageway. Signs and symptoms of various ear problems include severe ear pain, swelling, itching and blockage in the ear, smelly discharge, constant fever, partial hearing loss, rumbling in ears etc. One must take proper precaution when it comes to ear care. Avoid causing any trauma to the ear by removing wax from the ear with pointed tools instead always keep earbuds handy. If symptoms don’t subside, visit an ENT specialist immediately.

Common Nose Problems

Nose problems can affect your normal breathing and can be annoying because they interfere with our talking making us sound horrible. Some of the common nose diseases include nosebleeds, stuffy nose, sinus infection, nasal polyps, etc. Most of these conditions are triggered by allergies, nasal infections, upper respiratory infections, chronic cold, structural abnormalities of the nose, etc. Common symptoms include nose pain, headache, aching forehead, foul-smelling nasal discharge, sore throat, fever, etc. There are various nose sprays and over-the-counter medicines available to control the allergies and infections in the nose.

Common Throat Problems

Throat problems can also interfere with breathing, talking, and eating. Pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, and laryngitis are some common throat problems which are mainly caused by viral or bacterial infections. The symptoms of throat diseases include difficulty in swallowing, lumps in the throat, tenderness and swelling in the throat, hoarseness, etc. One simple treatment to cure throat problems is gargling with warm salt water. Salt contains cleansing properties that kills bacteria and virus in the throat. You can use various over-the-counter drugs for mild throat problems or take an opinion from ENT specialist.

Aforementioned problems are very common problems that are faced by everyone at some point in life. Proper care should be taken to avoid catching these infections, and if infected, an ENT specialist must be consulted at the earliest.