Call us  +91 8010 33 55 66

Hi Guest                                                     

Thallasemia Profile
Price Rs. 1800.00
Discount Rs. 360.00
Payable Rs.1440.00
Book Now
Full Body Health Checkup I
Price Rs. 2200.00
Discount Rs. 0.00
Payable Rs.2200.00
Book Now
View Article
Article Views: 252
A sneak peek into various childhood cancers
Posted on Aug 24, 2015
Every cell in the body has a mechanism that manages its growth, interaction with other cells, and its life. When a cell loses that control and grows in a peculiar way that the body can no longer regulate, it is termed as Cancer. There are various types of cancers, each of which has different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes, depending on the type of cell involved and how fast the cells grow.

Cancer in children is a rarity, but can happen. In most cases, doctors are clueless as to why kids get cancer. The things that lead to cancer in children are not usually the same in adults. In India, approximately 15,000 children suffer from childhood cancer every year. Unfortunately, only 20 percent of these children get the required treatment needed to lead a better quality of life. The most common childhood cancers are:
  1. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia: It is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow and most common type in children. In this type of cancer, too many stem cells produced by the bone marrow turn into immature white blood cells (lymphoblasts) that don't mature into the normal blood cells (lymphocytes) that fight infection by attacking germs and other harmful bacteria.
  2. Central nervous system (CNS) tumors: These are cancers of the brain and brainstem. They are the most common solid tumors of childhood and have the highest mortality rate of the childhood cancers.
  3. Ewing sarcoma: It is an uncommon form of bone tumor, affecting mostly children ages 5 and older. These tumors develop in the cavity of the bone.
  4. Hodgkin lymphoma: It is a cancer of the lymph nodes. It is common in younger children and teens. Hodgkin lymphoma can start almost anywhere in the lymph nodes and then spread to almost any organ or tissue, including the liver, bone marrow and spleen.
  5. Myeloid leukemias: They are more rare and difficult to cure. In leukemia, the bone marrow produces large numbers of abnormal blood cells, which get into the blood stream and lymph system and may affect vital organs. The most common cancer of the myeloid cells is acute myeloid leukemia.
  6. Neuroblastoma: It is cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, a connection between the brain and other parts of the body. The cancer can grow n the abdomen, neck or pelvis. It is commonly seen in infants, and can form before birth.
  7. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: It is the cancer affecting the immune system. The bone marrow produces the cells of the immune system and they travel to all the lymph glands, the thymus gland, areas of the intestinal tract, tonsils and spleen, so a lymphoma can develop in any of those sites.
  8. Osteogenic sarcoma (osteosarcoma): It is the most frequently diagnosed type of bone tumor, usually found in adolescents and young adults. Tumors are common in the large bones of the upper arm and the leg.
  9. Retinoblastoma: It is a cancer of the retinoblasts, or "baby" cells in the retina, responsible for vision. Retinoblastoma mostly occurs in children from birth to age 3.
  10. Rhabdomyosarcoma: Rhabdomyosarcoma is a tumor that arises in the muscle cells, and is the most common type in children under age 10. It is referred to as soft tissue sarcomas which can be found anywhere in the body.
  11. Wilms tumor: It is responsible for most cases of kidney tumors in children. About 95% of children with this tumor have a better cure rate with less treatment.

Symptoms of childhood cancers

Meet your pediatrician and evaluate your child’s health when you notice:

Treatment for childhood cancers

Even though childhood cancers are different from the adult ones, the treatment more or less remains the same. Some of the options are:
  • Chemotherapy: Your child would receive anti-cancer drugs to destroy the cancer cells either intravenously, through the veins or intrathecally where drugs are introduced through the spine. Sometimes the drugs are even given orally to children. When the medications are administered, they attack the cancer cells and sometimes healthy cells too, leading to side effects like hair loss and scalp sensitivity, gastrointestinal problem, anemia, blood clotting, urinary tract infection, discomfort and pain etc.
  • Radiation: In radiation therapy, high energy x-rays are used to target the specific tumors and kill or shrink its size. It might be given before chemotherapy or after a surgery. Radiation doesn’t kill all the healthy cells in the body but does affect those in the area where the rays reach.
  • Surgery: It’s extremely difficult and demoralizing, but to keep your child off the clutches of cancer sometimes going under the knife becomes inevitable.

The treatment of most childhood cancers lasts for about six months, but in some cases it may continue for up to 3 years. Post treatment, a child can live a normal life. However, during the treatment multiple precautions are necessary covering hygiene, diet and certain lifestyle changes.
Written by : Lazoi Team
Read latest articles...
Read all articles of Lazoi Team
Colonoscopic Surgical Procedure: The risks, complications, care needed and more..Read More
Retinal Detachment: What are the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment..Read More
Stomach Cancer Surgery: The procedure, risks, complications and more..Read More
Squint Repair Surgery: The procedure, risks, complications and more..Read More
What Is Malignant Hypertension: Possible causes, risk factors, treatment..Read More
Search Doctors by Speciality
Best Pediatrician in Delhi
Best Dentist in Delhi
Best Psychiatrist in Delhi
Best Neurologist in Delhi
Best Oncologist in Delhi
Best Acupuncturist in Delhi
Best Chest & Allergy in Delhi
Best Diabetologist in Delhi
Best Physiotherapist in Delhi
Best Gynecologist in Delhi
Best Cardiologist in Delhi
Best Pulmonologist in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Delhi
Best Dietician in Delhi
Best Endocrinologist in Delhi
Best Nephrologist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic in Delhi
Best Psychologist in Delhi
Best Homeopathy in Delhi
Best Urologist in Delhi
Best Ayurvedic in Delhi
Best Nutritionist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Plastic-Cosmetic Surgeon in Delhi
Best General Physician in Delhi
Best General Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Delhi
Best Gastroenterologist in Delhi
Best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ophthalmologist in Delhi
Best General Practitioner in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Mumbai
Best Dentist in Mumbai
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Bangalore
Best Gastroenterologist in Bangalore
Best Gynecologist in Noida
Best General Physician in Noida
Best Pediatrician in Noida
Best Plastic Cosmetic Surgeon in Noida
Best Dermatologist in Pune
Best Gynecologist in Navi Mumbai
Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Ophthalmologist in Bangalore
Best Dentist in Gurgaon
Best General Physician in Gurgaon
Best General Practitioner in Gurgaon
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Gurgaon
Best Gynecologist in Mumbai
Best Gynecologist in Thane
Best Dermatologist in Bangalore
Best Pediatrician in Mumbai
Best Physiotherapist in Faridabad
Best Orthopaedic in Faridabad
Best Dentist in Faridabad
Best Ophthalmologist in Faridabad
Best Gynecologist in Pune
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Mumbai
Best General Practitioner in Bangalore
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Mumbai
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Faridabad
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
About Us
Press Releases
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
Our Services
DocPractice™ Premium
Health Card
Hospital SignUp
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Hospital listing
Diagnostic center
Contact us
Ecommerce Flow / Incorporated
Read Articles
Learn About Diseases
Learn About Diagnostic Tests
Learn About Generic Drugs
Social media
Follow us
Lazoi on Facebook Lazoi on Twitter Lazoi on Google Plus Lazoi on BlogSpot
Make online secure payment using

MasterCard  VISA  NetBanking 
Copyright © 2016 Lazoi Lifecare™ Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Website Version 3.2.2