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An overview of common lung diseases

  • Posted on- Jul 06, 2015
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Written by site author.

Our lungs are part of the respiratory system that helps us breathe and to live. They are located in the chest, above the diaphragm. When we breathe, oxygen enters our lungs and from there, is transported into our blood. When lung diseases occur in a person, it usually makes them unable to breathe properly. Lung diseases can occur with many different hazards with varying symptoms depending on how the disease affects the lung or surrounding area.

Some lung diseases include:


The leading cause of lung diseases is said to be smoking cigarettes. Smoking is the biggest cause of lung cancer. If you smoke, you have a big chance of being a lung cancer patient. The sooner you quit, the better it is.

Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed. Most cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking cigarettes but there are also other irritants that can trigger lung cancer. These include:
  • Second-hand smoke
  • Air pollution
  • Exposure to dangerous chemicals in the air

There are various options available when it comes to choosing treatment for lung cancer. Like any other disease, it is better if the lung cancer is treated early before it causes any permanent or severe consequences. Any of the following will do perfectly with treating your lung cancer:
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Surgery

If not treated correctly, lung cancer can lead to severe consequences including death.

Another common and well known lung disease is asthma. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the airways in the lungs. The effects of asthma are most commonly known as wheezing, coughing, breathlessness and chest tightness. When asthma occurs, the airways in your lungs are narrowed down which therefore, restricts the airflow to your lungs. Asthma is well known by its very common symptoms that can show up in pretty much anyone. These symptoms include:

Asthma is an incurable disease but it is treatable. There are various treatment options for asthma that usually depends on the severity of the condition. They include:
  • Leukotriene modifiers
  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Combination inhalers
  • Long-acting beta agonists
  • Theophylline
  • Ipratropium
  • Oral and intravenous corticosteroids
  • Asthma action plan

Asthma can make life hard but if you stick to medications, you can easily handle the symptoms. Diseases are not the only problems that can affect the lungs. Infections are also very common among those who are unlucky enough to be burdened with lung conditions.

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. Usually, tuberculosis affects the lungs but it can also affect any other organ in the human body. There are several ways in which you can tell or suspect whether you have been infected by tuberculosis. These symptoms include:

If you think you have tuberculosis or any other lung conditions, it is important to contact a pulmonologist immediately as some diseases and conditions tend to develop more as they are left alone with no treatment and sometimes, they can get harder to treat or cure if don’t take any action about it.

Comments

user profile image
10-02-2017 04:13 PM

Pneumonectomy was performed on me when I was facing some problems in my lung. It is a painful procedure and takes time to recover.

user profile image
28-07-2016 10:35 AM

I was suffering from lung cancer and I had no idea about it. It was a late detection. After detection, I get my treatment done and now I am all fine and healthy.

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