Spine is acomplex structure which is made up of muscles, vertebrae, cartilage, discs andligaments. These spinal components deteriorate as age increase. Degenerativespine disorder occurs due to stress and tension on the intervertebral discs. Thereare various types of degenerative spine diseases. Spinal Stenosis is one themost common spinal disease in human.
Spinal Stenosis is a condition inwhich the spinal column narrows and starts compressing thespinal cord slowly. This compression affects the nerve and causes pain. It canoccur anywhere along the spine.
Spinal Stenosis is also calledas:
2)    Central spinalstenosis
3)    Foraminal spinalstenosis
Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis:
1)   Weakness in legor arm
2)   Lower back painwhile standing or walking
3)   Numbness in legor buttocks
4)   Balance problem
Causes of Spinal Stenosis:
The most common cause of spinal stenosis is aging. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis also cause spinal stenosis.
Other conditions that can cause spinal stenosis include:
1)   Spine defects atbirth
2)   Naturally narrowspinal cord
3)   Spinal curvatureor Scoliosis
4)   Bone tumors
5)   Abnormal bonegrowth and destruction
Spinal Stenosis diagnosis:
1)   X-ray, MRI scanor CT scan tests to view image of spine.
2)   Electromyelogramto check health of spine nerves.
3)   Bone scan todetect damage or growth of spine.
Treatment options for spinal stenosis:
Doctor firstof all starts Non surgical treatment to relive pain. Non steroidal antiinflammatory drugs also help to reduce pain. Physical therapy increases themuscle strength.
If there isneurological loss or severe pain, then doctor decides surgery treatment to curespinal stenosis.
�       Laminectomy: It is the most common type of surgery. In this surgery, surgeon removes partof vertebrae to provide more room for nerves.
�       Foraminotomy  : Inthis surgery part of spine is widened.
�       Spinal Fusion: In this surgery bone grafts or metalimplants are used to attach the affected bones of the spine.
Most of the people live normal lifeafter Spinal Stenosis surgery. They can perform daily activities moreefficiently than before.
For more information visit:
www.panaceahospital.net  &  www.misspine.in
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