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Guide to cost of Stapedectomy in Delhi

  • Posted on- Apr 18, 2018
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One of the most widely performed, hugely successful, and greatly satisfying operations in the field of ENT is the stapedectomy.

It is a procedure done to correct deafness due to otosclerosis (a condition caused by the thickening of the stapes: one of the small bones in the middle ear that is important in the conduction of sound).

The surgery consists of removing (totally or partially) the stapes and replacing it with a small prosthesis.

This is typically followed by the implantation of micro prosthesis to treat conditions like otosclerosis or conductive hearing loss, which cannot be treated with medication. Thus, surgery is the first and the only effective treatment for the condition.

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The procedure is often compared with stapedotomy, which involves the opening of the footplate or base of the stapes to place a titanium implant.

Who Should Undergo and Expected Results

Stapedectomy is the surgical treatment of otosclerosis, a medical condition characterized by the “overgrowth” of the stapes, which can result in a conductive hearing loss since the affected bone becomes immovable and sometimes attached itself to the other nearby bones.

This results in a poor transmission of sound waves from the middle to the inner ear, particularly the cochlea, which is responsible for converting the sound into electrical impulses that can be understood by the brain.

In certain cases, otosclerosis directly affects the cochlea, which disturbs the balance and causes ringing in the ears called tinnitus.

Although there’s no definite cause for otosclerosis, many experts believe that it can be triggered by certain illnesses like measles or an infection or inherited due to a faulty gene.

The condition usually develops slowly, taking months or years before the symptoms, which may begin with the inability to hear faint sounds or whispers become more prominent.

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Stapedectomy can significantly improve a person’s hearing function. However, studies show that at least 2% of those that are affected by the condition may continue to experience progressive hearing loss.

If the hearing loss is already severe, the person may be fitted with a hearing aid or a cochlear implant.

How Does the Procedure Work?

In stapedectomy, the patient is provided with local or general anesthesia while the bones are accessed through the ear canal. The eardrum is folded forward to see the bones and a microscope is used to confirm otosclerosis.

If the condition is confirmed, the surgeon proceeds by detaching the stapes from the rest of the ossicles by either directing a laser beam to the bone or using a drill.

Depending on the extent of the condition, the surgeon may elect to remove only a part of the diseased bone or take away all of it using surgical tools.

The laser beam is utilized again to create a hole in the wall that separates the middle and inner ear, in which the bones rest. A prosthesis is then placed into the hole and is connected to the incus bone.

The surgeon tests the function of the bones and the prosthesis before the area is sealed using a graft material like the skin tissue from the incised earlobe. The eardrum is reversed to its original position and the canal is closed with a special sponge.

The entire procedure can be performed on an outpatient basis and usually takes about an hour to complete. Recovery may take a few days.

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Possible Risks and Complications

It has some possibilities that even with laser stapes surgery the patient will continue to lose his ability to hear. It may also cause vertigo if the inner ear is severely disturbed or the disease progresses to cochlear otosclerosis.

Eardrum perforation can also occur as well as partial paralysis of the facial nerves. Both stapedectomy and stapedotomy can increase the risk of bleeding and infection, but stapedotomy is considered much safer since it doesn’t completely change the structure of the middle ear.

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