A dermatologist is a medical professional who specializes in the diagnoses and treatment of conditions that affect the skin, nails and hair. Some of these conditions include, but are not limited to, acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, moles, melanomas and skin tumours.
A patient suffering from any of the mentioned disease is most likely referred to a dermatologist by their general physician. Because of their training, a dermatologist is better suited to treat skin conditions or assist in managing them. Usually the treatment they provide include chemical peels, laser resurfacing, tissue augmentation, hair transplants, liposuction etc. Specially trained in the latest, most effective surgical techniques, a dermatologist is also an expert in managing skin disorders that accompany aging, such as hair loss, skin discolorations and other skin changes. Some even specialize in cosmetic treatments, such as Botox injections, collagen injections and eyelid surgery.
Some dermatologists carry on their studies to specialize in other forms of dermatology such as paediatric dermatology. These doctors work specifically with childhood skin conditions, such as eczema and other skin allergies common in childhood. These medical practitioners are crucial part of a medical team used to treat children who suffer from serious medical conditions with multiple signs and symptoms.
Eczema is another health condition where a dermatologist may treat a large number of children. It is usually characterized by red, scaly or leathery-looking skin that sometimes becomes crusty. Eczema is a skin condition that largely affects infants and young children. As it is commonly associated with an allergic reaction, dermatologists are specially trained to treat skin allergies.
When most people think of a dermatologist, the word ‘acne’ is the first type of treatment they associate with this specialty. Acne is extremely common and characterized by pimples, blotchy skin, cysts, whiteheads or blackheads. These dull-looking eruptions are the result of bacteria and oil, which blocks the skin's pores and causes mild to severe skin eruptions. When acne shows up consistently, a dermatologist is sought for treatment and relief. The treatment offered may include the dermatologist draining the pimples or cysts with specially designed instruments and prescribing medications to specifically target and reduce acne problems.
A dermatologist is also routinely recommended for the proper diagnosis and treatment of skin cancers, melanomas, moles and skin tumours. These highly trained specialists are best suited for treatment, as they have been trained to recognize its symptoms, diagnose and administer the best patient care in these areas. A dermatologist may perform skin biopsies, surgical excisions, special procedures to remove tumours, cryosurgery or any other number of procedures they are specially trained to administer.
While many may think of a dermatologist as merely being an acne doctor for teenagers, a closer look at this specialized field of medicine reveals a lot more. As skin is one of the sense organs and the largest organ on the body, a dermatologist plays a very important role in the medical profession as this specialist is called upon to treat a wide variety of common, rare and serious skin conditions and diseases.