Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy is a surgery performed to remove an ovarian cyst using laparoscopy while still preserving the ovary so that the women can remain fertile. The surgery is also used to diagnose or rule out ovarian cancer.
How does Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy help?
Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is a single approach for treating lumps of different sizes. The procedure is minimally invasive, and very efficiently removes the ovarian cyst from an ovary (cystectomy), while preserving the women’s fertility.
What happens during Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
This procedure is performed under general anesthesia and requires a small incision (made below the navel), and a large surgical incision (made above the pubic bone). Through the small incision, the laparoscope is put into the pelvic region and abdomen. The surgeon will identify the cyst with the assistance of the camera attached to the laparoscope. Then the cyst will be removed through the large surgical cut.
After Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy
After the surgery, the patient is most likely to resume normal activities within a day. Your doctor may advise you a few medications and may ask you to avoid strenuous activity or exercise for about a week. The hospital stay after the surgery is about 2-4 days, and the recovery period is up to 2 weeks.
What are the advantages of Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
The advantages of the procedure are:
- The procedure is minimally invasive.
- The patient does not require a long stay at the hospital.
- The procedure keeps the ovary intact.
- Safely removes the cancerous growth.
What are the various risks associated with Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
A major complication associated with removal of the ovarian cyst is the rupture of the cyst itself. If the cyst is non-cancerous, then rupturing is not a concern. However, if a malignant cyst bursts inside, then there is an immediate risk of cancer cell spill over in the pelvic region. Other risks include infection, bladder or bowel injury, scar tissues at the surgical site etc.
What are the limitations of Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
The limitations of the procedure are:
- Ovarian cysts may recur after a cystectomy.
- Pain may not be controlled.