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Complete Guide to Polypectomy Colon (Colon Polyp Removal), Surgery, Procedure and Recovery

  • Posted on- Apr 16, 2018
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Colon Polyp Removal is a procedure that involves the removal of an abnormal tissue growth from the membrane lining of the rectum or colon.

How is the Colon Polyp Removal surgical procedure performed?

A Colon Polyp Removal procedure may be performed under sedation.

  • After making the individual lie on his/her side with their knees drawn towards the abdomen, the surgeon inserts a scope (tube fitted with camera) into the anus and rectum to visualize the large intestine
  • The small polyps are then removed (polypectomy) by using a snare made of wire and electric current
  • The larger polyps may be removed using laparoscopic surgery. Small incisions are made in the abdomen to introduce a tube fitted with a camera and surgical instruments to perform the procedure

Why is the Colon Polyp Removal surgical procedure performed?

The Colon Polyp Removal procedure is performed for the following reasons:

  • Removal of the suspected cancerous tumor
  • Removal of abnormal tissue, which is then sent to a pathologist for examination
  • Repairing abnormal rectal bleeding

What tests are needed before the Colon Polyp Removal surgical procedure?

Before Colon Polyp Removal procedure, the patient has to undergo certain tests such as:

What are the possible Risks and Complications during the Colon Polyp Removal surgical procedure?

There are general factors that increase the risk of getting complications during surgery and they include:

  • Obesity: Generally, the greater the degree of obesity, the greater the surgical risk
  • Smoking: The longer the smoking history (in pack-years smoked), the greater the surgical risk
  • Advancing age
  • Poorly controlled diabetes, as evidenced by a high hemoglobin A1c and a high fasting glucose
  • Poorly functioning kidney, as evidenced by increased BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and blood creatinine
  • Poorly functioning liver, as evidenced by increased blood liver function tests
  • Hypertension (increased blood pressure), especially if it is poorly controlled
  • Poor nutritional status (malnutrition with mineral and vitamin deficiencies)
  • Poor lung function, as evidenced by abnormal lung function tests
  • History of bleeding disorders
  • Longstanding illness, such as autoimmune disorders and chronic infections
  • Weak immune system due to a variety of causes

Various possible risks or complications that may arise during the Colon Polyp Removal surgery are:

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection of the surgical wound
  • Anesthetic complications


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