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Nasal Cavity Hemangioma : Causes, Signs and Symptoms

  • Posted on- Apr 10, 2018
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What is Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

Hemangiomas are a mild growth of blood vessels which can occur in different tissues such as the brain, kidney, liver, lung, skin (cherry), and nasal cavity.

At present, there are no known risk factors for the development of Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas. The condition is considered idiopathic, meaning there are no well-established causes for the development of these hemangiomas.

Some signs and symptoms of Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas include recurrent epistaxis (bleeding from the nose), nasal obstruction and discharge as the mass grows quickly over time.

The hemangiomas may bleed, causing obstruction of the airways. This can lead to severe complications. Although most tumors are asymptomatic, some tumors may require to be treated.

A Nasal Cavity Hemangioma may be diagnosed by evaluating the clinical history and a thorough physical exam, followed by imaging studies, such as CT and MRI scans of the head and neck region.

The treatment techniques for Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas may include cryotherapy, use of sclerosing solutions, and removal of the tumor through endoscopic surgery.

Who gets Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas are very uncommon vascular tumors. Currently, only a few cases have been reported worldwide.

The tumor is known to occur at any age. It may occur in individuals of any race, ethnicity, or gender.

What are the Risk Factors for Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

Currently, there are no known risk factors for the development of Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas.

Also, not having a risk factor does not mean that an individual will not get the condition. It is very important to discuss the effect of risk factors with the healthcare provider.

What are the Causes of Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

At present, there are no identified causes for the development of Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas.

Researchers believe that it could be a malformation during fetal development.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

However most adult Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas are asymptomatic, the following symptoms may occur in some individuals:

How is Nasal Cavity Hemangioma Diagnosed?

A diagnosis of Nasal Cavity Hemangioma may include:

  • Evaluating the clinical history and a thorough physical exam of the individual
  • CT and MRI scan of the head
  • Tissue biopsy: A tissue biopsy is performed and sent to a laboratory for a pathological examination. The pathologist examines the biopsy under a microscope. After putting together clinical findings, special studies on tissues (if needed) and with microscope findings, the pathologist arrives at a definitive diagnosis

Many clinical conditions may have similar signs and symptoms. The healthcare provider may perform additional tests to rule out other clinical conditions to arrive at a definitive diagnosis.

What are the Possible Complications of Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

Complications associated with Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas may include:

  • Severe bleeding of the hemangioma
  • Obstruction of the airways
  • Psychological distress, which is commonly associated with many forms of hemangiomas
  • Recurrences on incomplete surgical removal (in some cases)

How is Nasal Cavity Hemangioma Treated?

Although most cases are asymptomatic and may not require treatment, some individuals with Nasal Hemangiomas may require treatment.

The treatment options for Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas may include:

How can Nasal Cavity Hemangioma be prevented?

Currently, there are no effective steps to prevent the formation of Nasal Cavity Hemangiomas. These tumors are known to occur spontaneously.

What is the Prognosis of Nasal Cavity Hemangioma?

The prognosis of Nasal Cavity Hemangioma is typically good with adequate treatment a full recovery is often ensured and no long-term complications are noted.

Endoscopic surgery is the most reliable treatment tool to completely remove the tumor and prevent any recurrences from taking place.

Additional and Relevant Useful Information for Nasal Cavity Hemangioma:

Cavernous hemangiomas are benign growths composed of small blood vessels that occur on skin tissues, anywhere in the body, usually in children. These benign tumors can sometimes rupture and bleed if injured.

A benign capillary hemangioma is one of the most common types of hemangioma that can be either present from birth (congenital origin) or develop sometime later.

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