What is Shoulder Arthroscopy?
The surgical procedure used to examine or repair the tissues inside or around the joint is called as shoulder arthroscopy. Arthroscopy is also called as key-hole surgery. The arthroscope is a tiny camera that is used in the surgery to examine or correct the tissue of the shoulder joint.`
Who are eligible for shoulder arthroscopy?
Patients with the below conditions are eligible for surgical shoulder arthroscopy:
- Torn rotator cuff
- Torn or damaged bicep tendon
- Impingement syndrome
- Damaged cartilage ring or ligament
- Loose tissue that needs to be removed
- Bone spur or inflammation around the rotator cuff
Common conditions which can be cured by shoulder arthroscopy:
Shoulder arthroscopy can be used in the treatment of conditions like rotator cuff tears, impingement syndrome, bicep tendon tears, synovitis, arthritis of the clavicle, Bankart lesion (a labrum tear on the lower part of the shoulder joint).
Benefits of shoulder arthroscopy:
The following are some of the benefits of shoulder arthroscopy, which include:
Before shoulder arthroscopy
The patient is advised to stop taking medicines like aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen, and other medicines, two weeks before the surgery. The patient is advised to stop smoking and drinking alcohol before the surgery. Inform the doctor if suffering from any other conditions such as diabetes, heart diseases, and other medical conditions before undergoing the surgery.
During shoulder arthroscopy
During shoulder arthroscopy, the surgeon makes a small incision on the shoulder joint, and an arthroscope is inserted into it. The arthroscope contains a camera, which reflects the images on to the attached monitor, or screen that helps the surgeon guide while operating inside and around the shoulder. The tendons, muscles, or cartilage is corrected, and the tissue which are damaged are removed. After the surgical procedure is completed, the arthroscope is removed.
After shoulder arthroscopy
The patient is advised to wear a sling for the first week after the surgery. Recovery time may take from 1 month to 6 months. The doctor prescribes medications to alleviate pain and inflammation. Physical therapy is recommended after surgery to regain motion and add strength to the shoulder.
Complications of shoulder arthroscopy
Some of the following complications can be associated with shoulder arthroscopy:
Shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure, however, it takes ample time for complete healing. During recovery, the patient must be watchful for any complications such as infection.
Which are the different tests that have to be performed before Shoulder Arthroscopy?
Some of the different tests that have to be performed before Shoulder Arthroscopy are:
- Blood Tests
- Chest X-ray