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Vulval Wart Excision Symptoms (Genital Wart Removal Surgery), Causes, Risk, Complications, Recovery

  • Posted on- Jan 31, 2018
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Genital warts are one of the most common types of Sexually Transmitted Infections. At least half of all sexually active people will become infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes genital warts, at some point during their lives. Women are more prone to develop genital warts than men.

As the name suggests, genital warts target the moist tissues of the genital area. Genital warts may look like small, flesh-colored bumps or have a cauliflower-like appearance. In many cases, the warts are too small to be visible.

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Like warts that appear elsewhere on the body, genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Some strains of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause genital warts, while some others can cause cancer. Vaccines can help in protection against certain strains of genital human papillomavirus (HPV).

In women, genital warts may grow on the vulva, the walls of the vagina, the area between the external genitals and the anus, the anal canal and the cervix. In men, Genital Warts may occur on the tip or shaft of the penis, the scrotum, or the anus.

Genital warts can also develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sexual contact with an infected person.

Some of the symptoms and signs of genital warts include:

  • Small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in the genital area
  • Different warts close together that take on a cauliflower shape
  • Itching or discomfort in the genital area
  • Bleeding with intercourse

Mostly, genital warts may be so tiny and flat that they cannot be seen with the naked eye. Sometimes, however, genital warts may multiply into large clusters.

Causes of Vulval Wart Excision

The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes warts. There are more than 40 different strains of HPV that specifically affect the genital area. Genital HPV is spread through sexual contact. In many of the cases, the immune system kills genital HPV and the patient will never develop signs or symptoms of the infection.

Surgery Overview

Visible genital warts on the penis, vagina or around the anus are removed by excision, which means cutting warts off with a surgical knife (scalpel). Warts which are present on the cervix may be removed by laser or loop electrosurgical excision (LEEP).

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The surgery is usually done in a doctor's office or clinic or an outpatient surgery center. The patient will receive medicine that numbs the area around warts (local anesthetic). Stitches (sutures) usually close the incisions.

In case of women, abnormal cervical cell changes caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) will be treated differently than genital warts caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The doctor may suggest specific types of surgery, such as surgical excision.

Risk Factors associated with Vulval Wart Excision

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that at least half of all sexually active people will become infected with genital HPV at some point during their lives. Factors that can increase your risk of becoming infected include:

Complications related to Vulval Wart Excision

Genital wart complications may include:

  • Cancer

        Cervical cancer has been closely linked with genital HPV infection. Certain kinds of Human         papillomavirus (HPV) are also associated with cancer of the vulva, cancer of the anus, cancer of the         penis, and cancer of the mouth and throat.

        Human papillomavirus infection does not always lead to cancer, but it's still important for women to         have regular Pap tests, particularly if you've been infected with higher risk types of HPV.

  • Problems during pregnancy


        Genital warts may cause problems during pregnancy. Warts can become larger, making it very difficult         to urinate. Warts which are present on the vaginal wall may reduce the ability of vaginal tissues to         stretch during childbirth. Bigger warts on the vulva or in the vagina can bleed when stretched during         delivery.

        Rarely, a baby born to a mother who is having genital warts may develop warts in his or her throat.         The baby may need surgery to make sure his airway isn't blocked.

Prevention you can take to control Vulval Wart Excision

The condom should be used every time you have sex, it can significantly reduce the risk of contracting genital warts. However, use of the condom can reduce the risk it is not 100% effective. One can still get genital warts after using Condom.

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