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Everything about Laparosocpic ovarian cystectomy

  • Posted on- Jan 06, 2018
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A laparoscopic operation is a surgical procedure which is performed through very small incisions in the abdomen, using specialized instruments. The word laparoscopy comes from combining two Greek words. The first is 'Lapara', which means the fleshy midsection of the body, or the abdominal wall.

The second Greek word that makes up laparoscopic is 'skopein', meaning to examine, see or view, which in the English language has become 'scope'. It is also called minimally invasive surgery, even 'keyhole' surgery, because of the tiny incisions that the surgeons must operate through.

The laparoscope is an instrument made of thin, fiber optic tube, in which a light and tiny camera is attached. The surgeon is able to view the interior of the abdomen and the pelvic cavity using this device, and while it can be used to help diagnose, it is also used quite often to perform surgical procedures. Very small incisions are made to avoid large incision and then laparoscope is inserted.

Who are the candidates of laparosocpic ovarian cystectomy?

An ovarian cyst is often found either when one or more symptoms present themselves, or from a gynecological pelvic examination. When a cyst is discovered, a surgeon might feel as though the first thing that they should do is nothing! Yes, even though that seems like the totally opposite solution for a doctor to suggest, it very possibly will solve the problem.

Many times, the cyst will either shrink or disappear completely within one to three months. Oral contraceptives are sometimes given to the woman because by preventing ovulation, the hormone levels will adjust, which would mean that the cyst will begin to get smaller. Another alternative to having a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is having the cyst drained with a needle.

What are the benefits of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy?

A cyst refers to a tumor, or growth on, or near the ovary that is filled with fluid. When a woman is diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, many factors play a part in deciding the best possible treatment option. There are several different remedies available, some do not require an operation. However, quite often surgery is the only option. Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is a unique surgical procedure which is far different from the conventional open surgery or laparotomy.

Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is still considered surgery, even though it is primarily done as an outpatient, without requiring a hospital stay. That is one of the benefits of having a laparoscopic procedure.

What are the symptoms of laparosocpic ovarian cystectomy?

A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is sometimes recommended by a doctor as a method to get rid a woman of ovarian cysts. Even though this is a minimally invasive procedure, it is still considered surgery, and with it comes a chance for both risks and complications.

Ovarian cysts are commonplace in women who have not yet reached menopause and continue to have a menstrual cycle. The majority of the cysts are called functional cysts, and they are usually not a cause for concern.

In fact, during a menstrual cycle, a woman will develop small, fluid-filled cysts that contain eggs on and around the ovaries. As forward menstruation occurs and eggs enter the fallopian tube.

Another type of functional cyst that may be present in a woman of childbearing age occurs when the sac does not dissolve but instead seals off while it continues to fill with fluid. This cyst also disappears on its own most of the time.

Other times, an ovarian cyst may make itself known by causing symptoms, which in turn might prompt the physician to schedule a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy to not only remove the cyst but to rule out the possibility of cancer.

A doctor should be consulted immediately if a patient experiences severe abdominal pain that comes on suddenly, or if that pain is accompanied by vomiting or a fever.

Other symptoms that may be present with an ovarian cyst, but that are not as critical as the aforementioned problems are:

~ swelling, pressure or pain in the abdomen
~ abnormal bleeding
~ nausea or vomiting
~ breast tenderness
~ dull ache in lower back
~ weight gain
~ pain during sex
~ more painful than usual periods

What are the risks of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy?

Many times if it is determined that a woman needs a surgical procedure to remove ovarian cysts, a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is the preferred method for both the doctors and the patients. Opting to have a laparoscopy to remove the cyst, not only it allows the patient to recover much quicker, but the risks involved are reduced because it is a much less physically traumatic procedure. However, it is still an operation, and therefore there are risks involved.

The risk is evolved at the incision site in every surgery, laparoscopy is not processed and is different from common open surgery. Some risks that are specific to a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy though, maybe damage to either the bladder, bowel or blood vessels from inserting the laparoscope and other instruments. More and more surgeons are being trained to perform laparoscopies, therefore it is imperative that you find a qualified doctor who has successfully carried out a good number of previous procedures.

A woman has a much greater risk of complications occurring if she smokes or if she drinks excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages. Being overweight will also increase the risk of complications. Using some prescription medications, as well as taking illegal drugs may also add to the risk factor that is involved. If a patient has had prior abdominal surgery or has had endometriosis, they should definitely discuss those issues with their physician before the laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is scheduled.

Laparoscopy ovarian prostectomy minimum cost for Rs.1,20,000 to maximum cost for Rs. 2,40,000.


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