Sexual identity is the core issue of human psychology. Gender identity poses a great embarrassment for transgender and we can imagine the problems of a person who just keeps on struggling to find his own gender identity. Transgender should be provided with regular help and support to take a better and equal place in the society as per their physiological needs.
The problem still gets exaggerated when transgender don't get enough expected support even from the basic supporting pillar, their own family, as well as society. Transgender comes in dilemma that is already confused of between his body, soul and causes a crack between the relationship of family and the person itself. Sex reassignment surgery is conglomerate term used for all the surgical procedures which are carried out to alter a person's physical appearance and function to resemble to that of opposite sex. Sex reassignment procedure is also known as Gender reassignment surgery, Gender Correction Surgery and Gender Confirmation Surgery.
The first step in path of treatment journey of a transgender (both male to female or female to male) is to get the diagnosis of Gender Identity disorder also known as Gender Dysphoria. This surgery is done by the specialized psychiatrist in the field of gender dysphoria. Depending on the situation, you may be advised to go for psychological counseling for a certain period (usual period is 3 months to one year).
After getting diagnosed with gender dysphoria, a person is inherited with hormonal therapy given by specialized endocrinologist. Hormonal therapy in transgender (transmen and tranwomen) is popularly known as HRT (Hormonal Replacement Therapy). Hormonal Therapy in FTM transgender is also known as T (Testosterone) Therapy. The usual practice followed as per WPATH standards, though the guidelines are quite flexible and vary individual to individual according to medical, social, financial and religious parameters.
This involves various surgical procedures to make you a complete female. The various procedures are:
Breast Augmentation - The breast size can be enhanced as per individual requirement giving absolutely natural look. The result is reward giving natural look, perkier and good shape breasts leading to tremendous boost up in self-esteem and confidence.
Procedure: This is done with breast implants (silicone implants). The implants are very well acceptable by the body with no side effects. Minimal to moderate enhancement may be achieved with fat grafting also, in which fat is harvested from your own body and is put into the breasts.
Duration of Procedure: 1 to 11/2 hrs. You may go home on the same day.
Anesthesia: General or Local with sedation
Recovery Time: 1 to 2 days
Genital Surgery -SRS assigned for male to female creates real sexual female organ as compared to other natural females and arouses sex as possible in reality.
Procedure: In this process penile is removed and testicles are reshaped, this involves removal of the penile muscle and tissue, the testicles, and reshaping the external genitalia to appear like female genitalia. Vagina is made with penile skin inversion and / or sigmoid colon technique so that vagina is deep enough to allow normal sexual intercourse.
Duration of Procedure: 3 to 5 hrs. Anesthesia: General / Regional
Recovery Time: 7 to 10 days. You may need stay of 2 to 7 days as per need
Other recommended procedures:
Facial feminization surgery: Like Jaw correction, chin correction, hair transplant, nose reshaping, brow lift, cheek implants, lip augmentation, dimple creation
Buttock Augmentation: This is achieved either with autologous fat grafting (Brazilian butt lift) or with buttock implants.
Voice Feminization / Modulation Surgery
Tracheal shave, Laser Hair Removal.
One of the best surgeries known is those of reshaping the genitals, also known as genital reassignment surgery or genital reconstruction surgery. As considered the medical term, sex reassignment surgery has been dictated by the medical sub-specialty organization, the World. WPATH recognizes that there are some of the medical terms which includes necessary sex reassignment surgeries include "complete hysterectomy, bilateral mastectomy, chest reconstruction or augmentation ... including breast prostheses if necessary, genital reconstruction. In addition, other non-surgical procedures are also considered medically necessary treatments by WPATH, including facial electrolysis.
A growing number of public and commercial health insurance plans in the United States now contain defined benefits covering sex reassignment-related procedures, usually including genital reconstruction surgery (MTF and FTM), remaking of chest reconstruction (FTM), breast augmentation (MTF), and hysterectomy (FTM).