World Population Day is an event that was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989 which is an outgrowth of the interest generated by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987. World population day seeks to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues.
By resolution 45/216 of December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly decided to continue observing World Population Day to enhance awareness of population issues, including their relations to the environment and development.
A number of UNFPA country offices and other organizations and institutions commemorate World Population Day, in partnership with governments and civil society since 11 July was marked as world population day in more than 90 countries in 1990.
Objectives of World Population Day
Among youths especially between 15 to 19 years of age, sexuality related issues are very necessary to get solved. It is noted that around 15 million women of this age give birth every year as well as around 4 million goes through for abortion according to the statistics. The main objectives of celebrating World Population Day recommended by UNDP are as follows:
- To protect and empower youths of both gender like girls and boys world population day is celebrated.
- To offer people detailed knowledge about the sexuality and delay marriages till they are able to understand their responsibilities.
- Avoiding unwanted pregnancies by using reasonable and youth friendly measures by educating youths.
- Removing the gender stereotypes from society by educating people.
- Raising the public awareness about dangers of early childbirth by educating people about the pregnancy related illnesses.
- Educate them about STD (sexually transmitted diseases) to get prevented from various infections.
- Demand for some effective laws and policies implementation in order to protect girl child rights.
- Make sure about the access of equal primary education to both girls and boys.
- Make sure the easy access of reproductive health services everywhere as part the basic primary health for each couple.
Themes of World Population day
There various themes implemented by UNDP for world population day each year. The themes of world population till now are as follows:
- The theme of 1996 was - Reproductive Health and AIDS.
- The theme of 1997 was - Adolescent Reproductive Health Care.
- The theme of 1998 was - Approaching the Six Billion.
- The theme of 1999 was - Start the Count-up to the Day of Six Billion.
- The theme of 2000 was - Saving Women's Lives.
- The theme of 2001 was - Population, Environment and Development.
- The theme of 2002 was - Poverty, Population and Development.
- The theme of 2003 was - 1,000,000,000 adolescents.
- The theme of 2004 was - ICPD at 10.
- The theme of 2005 was - Equality Empowers.
- The theme of 2006 was - Being Young is Tough.
- The theme of 2007 was - Men at Work.
- The theme of 2008 was - Plan Your Family, Plan Your Future.
- The theme of 2009 was - Fight Poverty: Educate Girls.
- The theme of 2010 was - Be Counted: Say What You Need.
- The theme of 2011 was - 7 Billion Actions.
- The theme of 2012 was - Universal Access to Reproductive Health Services.
- The theme of 2013 was - Focus is on Adolescent Pregnancy.
- The theme of 2014 was - A time to reflect on population trends and related issues and Investing in Young People.
- The theme of 2015 was - Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies.
- The theme of 2016 was - Investing in teenage girls.
- The theme of 2017 is - Family Planning.
Family Planning: Empowering People, Developing Nations
Around the world, some 225 million women who want to avoid pregnancy are not using safe and effective family planning methods, for reasons ranging from lack of access to information-to-lack of support from their partners or communities. Most of these women are with an unmet demand for contraceptives, lives in 69 of the poorest countries on earth.
Voluntary family planning is a human right and it is also central to gender equality and women's empowerment, and it is a key factor in reducing poverty. An investment in making family planning available also yields economic and other gains that can propel development forward.
In 2017 World Population Day, 11 July, coincides with the Family Planning Summit, the second meeting of the FP2020 that is Family Planning 2020 initiative, which aims to expand access to voluntary family planning to 120 million additional women by 2020.
At the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning, the leaders of different countries affirmed the importance of family planning to women's empowerment and global prosperity in which more than 20 governments, as well as NGO partners committed to addressing contraceptive needs, with a vision of reaching 120 million women and girls with modern contraceptives by 2020.