Overview of migraine:
- Migraine is a severe painful headache that occurs due to certain physiologic changes that occur in the brain, which usually occurs in one side of the brain and can be experienced as "pounding' in the brain, but many people's experience pains in both side.
- It's an instability in the way the brain deals with coming sensory information, and the instability can be influenced by different physiological changes such as stress, anxiety, hunger, nervousness, sleep and exercise.
- It occurs mainly as a severe headache but sometimes it is characterized as sensitivity to smell, taste and sound and often nausea and vomiting.
- Migraines are most mistreated, misdiagnosed a least understood aliment. People are not diagonised properly and often mistreated with any other casual headache.
- Wrong medication can actually trigger medication and make the condition more worse. If left untreated or mistreated migraine can cause much fatal condition such as stroke.
- More than 12 percent of the population experience migraine, which is more than the combination of diabetes and asthma both.
Types of migraine:
- There are mostly two types of migraine:
- Migraine with aura- Some patients show some symptoms or "aura" before showing headache such a flash light or blind spot in one eye to numbness or weakness in one part of the body. The aura last for several minutes and may resolve once the headache begins or will continue till the headache lasts.
- Migraine without aura- Where a person doesn't get an aura, and directly get a severe or painful headache.
Symptoms of migraine:
- Most people don't show any symptoms other than severe and painful headaches.
- But other symptoms such as sensitivity to light, sound and smell can be seen. And in many chronic attacks nausea and vomiting.
- Mostly migraine attacks last for 3 hours to 72 hours. But in some case it must stay longer, and presence of a migraine attack for more than 3 days, should immediately consulted by a doctor.
- Some migraine show frightening attacks and may make the patient lie still for several hours.
Causes of migraine:
- The exact cause of migraine is unknown. Changes of neurotransmitter level in the brain are thought to play a role.
- It can be triggered by many causes such as hormonal changes, stress, food habits, oral contraceptive pills etc.
- A drop in stress level can bring on migraine, such as change from happy to nervousness or from stress to happy can actually bring migraine.
- Migraines occur in 18 percent of women and also 6 to 8 percent of male. Only adults don't experience migraine, children's even very small kids can experience very chronic migraine.
Risk factors of migraine:
- Migraine is a inherited disease. It is transferred from mother to her child. If one parent has migraine the child has 50% chance of having migraine, for both parents the chance if 75% and in distant relative it can be 20%.
- Some medications can trigger migraine to much higher extent than actually releasing it, right treatment should be done to get relief.
- Caffeine can relief to patients in some cases, and in other cases it can trigger to higher extent.
- Temperature conditions such as humidity, increase in barometric temperature can increase the risk of migraine.
- Migraine attacks are linked to the hormone changes in the menstrual cycle, many girls experience migraine with their first period and it relieves with menopause.
Diagnosis of Migraine:
- Migraine is the most mistreated, misdiagnosed and least understood disease. Often most neurology doctors fail to understand or treat correctly migraine patients.
- Migraine shows wide variety of symptoms, and they are widely different from each other, which is mostly misunderstood with other symptoms of any other diseases.
- Migraine doesn't have any specific diagnose method, doctors often check the patients and take diagnose and treatment options according to them.
Treatments of Migraine:
- Migraines don't have any treatment as such, but there are certain medications which can reduce the symptoms and severe headache of migraine. They are-
- acetaminophen (Tylenol and others)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, etc.)
- naproxen sodium (Aleve)
- Triptans (sumatriptan, rizatriptan, eletriptan)
- Antidepressants, regardless of nay mood can help a patient to relieve symptoms.
- Blood pressure and anti-seizure medications can cause relief.
- New treatments such as Botox injections, to relief stimulating nerves near the brain, and gently messaging the neck, head and spine can help.
Prevention of frequent attacks of migraines:
- Prevention of certain foods such as aged cheese, smoked fish, food containing nitrates such as hot dogs and lunch meats, and fast foods containing flavor enhancer may also trigger.
- Exercise, Yoga and practice of regular schedule of eating and sleeping can help.