World Multiple sclerosis Day is an annual event which is celebrated on last Wednesday of May every year. It is celebrated with aim of spread awareness for multiple sclerosis and to make life less difficult for people affected by Multiple sclerosis (MS).
Multiple sclerosis is a critical disease by which every year thousands of people are diagnosed with. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a critical disease in which the protective sheath that covers the nerves gets destroyed which disrupts the communication between brain and the rest of the body through which a person can face difficulty in speech, sight and ability to move. Multiple sclerosis disease is a neurological disorders and reason of disability in young adults. The main cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown till now and the cure has not been found yet, but there are some treatments. Experts theorize that Multiple sclerosis strikes genetically susceptible people who trigger the disease by one or more environmental factors. Various links have been found to increase the risk of developing Multiple sclerosis, such as high-fat diets, vitamin D-deficiency, and cigarette smoking.
The abnormal response from the immune system leaves scar tissue throughout the brain, giving doctors who specialize in Multiple sclerosis has the opportunity to diagnose severity through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. When any part of the nerve’s protective coating, known as the myelin sheath, is damaged or destroyed, the nerve messages sent from the brain to the spinal cord (or vice versa) are distorted, which is what causes a wide array of symptoms. Because Multiple sclerosis is a lifelong disease that can leave sufferers in a wheelchair, it’s important to take care of the body to avoid triggers that’ll spark an MS episode. Extreme fatigue is a common symptom that can last for days, weeks, or even months if Multiple sclerosis patients don’t follow a healthy diet and abstain from cigarette smoking, alcohol, stress, and sun exposure. Whereas the symptoms of multiple sclerosis are as follows:
- Weakness or numbness of limbs
- Blurring, partial or complete loss of vision
- Slurred speech
- Dizziness, tremors, lack of coordination
- Tingling sensation or pain in the parts of the body
There is no cure found for multiple sclerosis till the date but symptoms can be treated with early diagnosis and treatments. Neurological doctor will perform various tests to diagnose multiple sclerosis, in which he will:
- Perform neurological exam by checking impaired nerve function
- Eye exam to evaluate vision and eye diseases
- Spinal tap (lumbar puncture): A test in which a long needle is inserted into patient’s spine to remove a sample of fluid circulating around your brain and spinal cord.
People suffering from multiple sclerosis can face:
- Muscle stiffness or spasm
- Paralysis, typically in the legs
- Problems with bladder, bowel or sexual function
- Mental changes, such as forgetfulness or mood swing
Beyond a regimen, improving day-to-day life by incorporating simple routines, such as day journals, can help. Some tips are given below to manage multiple sclerosis in a person:
- Take plenty of rest
- Exercise regularly to improve muscle tone, balance and coordination
- Avoid exposure to heat as MS symptoms worsen when body temperature rises
- Take a balanced diet having high nutrition value
- Practice yoga and meditation to relieve stress.