Cardiothoracic surgery is a surgical procedure of the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest and a doctor who performs cardiothoracic surgery is known as cardiothoracic surgeon. Cardiothoracic surgery is carried out to treat the diseases that develop inside the chest. Coronary artery disease is one of the most common diseases treated by cardiothoracic surgeons. Cardiovascular surgeons, congenital heart surgeons, cardiac surgeons and general thoracic surgeons come in the category of cardiothoracic surgeons. Cardiothoracic surgery is a breakthrough in treating the diseases related to the chest.
Causes of cardiothoracic diseases
Primary procedures of a cardiothoracic surgery
The most common causes which may lead to cardiothoracic diseases include:
Treatments covered in cardiothoracic surgery
Esophageal and Lung resection-
It is a minimal invasive cardiothoracic surgery
performed to remove the damaged tissue from the lungs or the esophagus. This resection surgery is often less painful and can speed recovery time.
The abnormal growth of tissues in the chest cavity between the lungs leads to the formation of mediastinal tumours. An incision is made in the chest to remove the tumour from the lungs this surgical procedure
is known as thoractomy.
Cardiac support devices-
The cardiac support devices are installed either before or after surgery to maintain the flow of blood circulation in the patient’s body. These support devices are inserted in an artery to support the normal function of blood. The support devices are generally used in patients undergoing angioplasty
or coronary stent procedure
Aortic and Mitral valve repair and replacement-
Cardiothoracic Surgery is performed to repair the leaked or blocked heart valves
. This is a minimal invasive procedure and requires very few and small incisions in the chest.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)-
This grafting procedure provides the patient long-term relief from the symptoms of angina and other coronary artery diseases. The coronary heart disease is a disease in which a plaque builds up inside the arteries and affects the proper blood flow to the heart. This medical procedure aims at improving the blood flow to the heart.
Common conditions treated with cardiothoracic surgery
Cardiothoracic surgery risks
The risks associated with cardiothoracic surgery are: