Pyeloplasty is a surgical procedure to repair the blockage between the kidneys and the ureter. The ureter is a tube, which carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder. This condition is also known as, Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction (UPJ). The blockage in the ureter hinders the easy flow of urine from the kidney to the bladder. The blockage in the ureter leads to swelling in the kidneys. The blood vessels getting in the way of ureter result in a blockage. The pyeloplasty procedure is performed to securely move the blood vessels away from the ureter.
Before the Pyeloplasty
- Before undergoing Pyeloplasty surgery, carefully follow the instructions given by your surgeon. The patient of Pyeloplasty surgery has to give up smoking and alcohol at least one month before the surgery. Tobacco consumption may slow down the healing process.
- Tell the doctor about any medicine you have been taking or any other medical procedure you have ever undergone.
- A doctor may order a blood test to check if a patient is allergic to any medicine or anesthesia.
- A patient undergoing Pyeloplasty surgery is restricted to eat or drink anything before two hours of surgery.
The Pyeloplasty surgery lasts for between two to three hours. A patient undergoing Pyeloplasty surgery is given general anaesthesia. Several small incisions are made around the abdomen to create a hole. Through these holes, a surgeon
inserts an endoscope. The endoscope enables the surgeon to see inside the abdomen to locate an obstructed ureter. The blockage in the ureter is then removed by the surgeon. After that, a doctor closes the incisions with the sutures or a surgical tape. A drain tube is placed to drain the fluid after the surgery. The drain tube is usually removed within two days.
After a Pyeloplasty Procedure
After a pyeloplasty procedure
, a patient should carefully follow the doctor’s instructions for the rapid recovery. A patient should take medicines prescribed by the doctor to reduce the risk of an infection. The patient should restrain from any regressive physical activity and should avoid smoking and alcohol consumption. Avoid bathing until the wound from the incisions is completely healed. Regularly apply an ointment cream with the dressing.
Risks and Complications of a Pyeloplasty Procedure
The risks and complications associated with pyeloplasty procedure are same as with other surgical procedures. Some risks and complications also depend on, how a surgeon performs a surgery. Consult your urologist
immediately if any of these complications occur: