Call us  +91 8010 33 55 66

Hi Guest                                                     

      
Thallasemia Profile
Price Rs. 1800.00
Discount Rs. 360.00
Payable Rs.1440.00
Book Now
 
Full Body Health Checkup I
Price Rs. 2200.00
Discount Rs. 0.00
Payable Rs.2200.00
Book Now
 
View Article
Article Views: 5,229
An in-depth view of Hypothalamus
Posted on Apr 30, 2015
The hypothalamus is that part of the endocrine system which maintains the body’s internal balance (homeostasis). It is a crucial part of the brain which links the endocrine and nervous systems. In order to maintain body’s internal balance, hypothalamus inhibits many of the body’s processes including:
  • Body temperature 
  • Thirst, electrolyte balance and fluid 
  • Blood pressure and heart rate 
  • Body weight and appetite 
  • Secretions of the intestines and stomach 
  • Sleep cycles

Hormones of the Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus is situated below the thalamus (almond size) and is involved in pituitary gland function. When a signal is triggered from the nervous system, the gland secretes neurohormones that start and stop the production of pituitary hormones. Major hormones produced by the hypothalamus include:
  1. ADH (Anti-diuretic hormone): This vital hormone augments water absorption into the blood by the kidneys. 
  2. CRH (Corticotropin-releasing hormone): The role of CRH is to send a message to the anterior pituitary gland which stimulates the adrenal glands to release corticosteroids that help control metabolism and immune response. 
  3. GnRH (Gonadotropin-releasing hormone): GnRH directs the anterior pituitary gland to secrete FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone), both of which work in coordination to normal functioning of the ovaries and testes
  4. GHIH (growth hormone-inhibiting hormone) or GHRH (growth hormone-releasing hormone): Also known as somatostain, GHRH stimulates the anterior pituitary to release the growth hormone. This hormone is essential in children for maintaining a healthy body composition. It helps build healthy bone and muscle mass in adults. It also affects fat distribution. 
  5. Oxytocin: Oxytocin is responsible for a number of processes including orgasm, body temperature, trusting ability, release of breast milk and sleep cycles
  6. PIH (prolactin-inhibiting hormone) or PRH (prolactin-releasing hormone): PRH prompts the anterior pituitary gland to stimulate breast milk production through the production of prolactin. Contrary, PIH restraints prolactin affecting milk production.

Diseases associated with Hypothalamus
A physical injury to the head is one of the common causes of hypothalamic disease which may result in appetite and sleep disorders. It is hard to pinpoint the root cause of the disorder as hypothalamus affects so many different parts of the endocrine system. Since, hypothalamus and pituitary gland are connected very closely it becomes difficult for doctors to identify whether the condition is associated with the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. However, there are certain hormone tests which can determine on which part of the body is the root cause.

Undoubtedly, hypothalamus is the most essential organ of the endocrine system. By stimulating the pituitary gland to release hormones to the rest of the body, it ensures normal functioning of the body’s internal processes.

Treatment of hypothalamic disease
Endocrinologists suggest blood or urine tests, hormone injections, MRI or CT scan, visual field eye exam to identify the exact cause hypothalamic disease. Based on the cause, endocrinologists perform surgery or radiation for tumors and hormone therapy to replace missing hormones.
Written by : Lazoi Team
Read latest articles...
Read all articles of Lazoi Team
How to get rid of bloating..Read More
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes and more..Read More
Drug Dilemma: Drugs banned overseas are easily available in India..Read More
How to escape post-work fatigue and bubble with energy..Read More
Conditions responsible for causing infertility..Read More
Search Doctors by Speciality
Best Pediatrician in Delhi
Best Dentist in Delhi
Best Psychiatrist in Delhi
Best Neurologist in Delhi
Best Oncologist in Delhi
Best Acupuncturist in Delhi
Best Chest & Allergy in Delhi
Best Diabetologist in Delhi
Best Physiotherapist in Delhi
Best Gynecologist in Delhi
Best Cardiologist in Delhi
Best Pulmonologist in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Delhi
Best Dietician in Delhi
Best Endocrinologist in Delhi
Best Nephrologist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic in Delhi
Best Psychologist in Delhi
Best Homeopathy in Delhi
Best Urologist in Delhi
Best Ayurvedic in Delhi
Best Nutritionist in Delhi
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Plastic-Cosmetic Surgeon in Delhi
Best General Physician in Delhi
Best General Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Delhi
Best Gastroenterologist in Delhi
Best Laparoscopic Surgeon in Delhi
Best Ophthalmologist in Delhi
Best General Practitioner in Delhi
Best Dermatologist in Mumbai
Best Dentist in Mumbai
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Bangalore
Best Gastroenterologist in Bangalore
Best Gynecologist in Noida
Best General Physician in Noida
Best Pediatrician in Noida
Best Plastic Cosmetic Surgeon in Noida
Best Dermatologist in Pune
Best Gynecologist in Navi Mumbai
Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Ophthalmologist in Bangalore
Best Dentist in Gurgaon
Best General Physician in Gurgaon
Best General Practitioner in Gurgaon
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Gurgaon
Best Gynecologist in Mumbai
Best Gynecologist in Thane
Best Dermatologist in Bangalore
Best Pediatrician in Mumbai
Best Physiotherapist in Faridabad
Best Orthopaedic in Faridabad
Best Dentist in Faridabad
Best Ophthalmologist in Faridabad
Best Gynecologist in Pune
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Mumbai
Best General Practitioner in Bangalore
Best Ear Nose Throat (ENT) in Mumbai
Best Orthopaedic Surgeon in Faridabad
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Company
About Us
Press Releases
Terms of Use
Disclaimer
Privacy Policy
Sitemap
Home
Our Services
DocPractice™ Premium
Health Card
Hospital SignUp
Book Diagnostics Tests Delhi/NCR
Book Health Packages Delhi/NCR
Hospital listing
Diagnostic center
Corporates
Support
Contact us
Ecommerce Flow / Incorporated
Read Articles
Learn About Diseases
Learn About Diagnostic Tests
Learn About Generic Drugs
Videos
Social media
Follow us
Lazoi on Facebook Lazoi on Twitter Lazoi on Google Plus Lazoi on BlogSpot
Make online secure payment using


MasterCard  VISA  NetBanking 
Copyright © 2016 Lazoi Lifecare™ Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. Website Version 3.2.2