Urinary incontinence is an uncontrolled leakage of urine. A person with this disorder loses the ability to control over their urine release. Women are more prone to urinary incontinence than men. Urinary incontinence is common and embarrassing disorder and affects the social status of a person. Any kind of pressure on the abdomen area results in leakage of urine. The command over urinary sphincter is, weakened. A sphincter is a tube that carries urine outside the body. Due to the weak sphincter and pelvic muscle, it becomes difficult to contract them when you try to hold your urine. The females aged 30-60 are mostly affected by urinary inconsistency.
Diagnosis of female urinary incontinence
Symptoms and types of Female Urinary Incontinence
Here stress is related to the physical pressure than mental pressure. When any kind of pressure is created in the abdomen, a person may urinate immediately. For example, laughing, exercise, sneezing, jumping and heavy lifting.
When there is an urge to urinate, a person has very less time before the urine is released. The urge may be created by seeing the bathroom, sex, or sudden change in position. The nerves of the bladder are weak or damaged, therefore, it becomes difficult to control the urge.
Common symptoms of functional incontinence may include depression, confusion, dementia, poor eyesight, lack of flexibility.
Causes of female urinary incontinence
There are number of factors that cause female urinary incontinence.
Lab tests used for the diagnosis of female urinary incontinence
Treatment of female urinary incontinence
- Topical oestrogen medicine to strengthen the vaginal and urethral areas
- Imipramine, an antidepressant
- Anticholinergics, to quiet the overactive bladder
- Botox injection to calm down the overactive bladder.
- Urethral inserts a device that can be, inserted into the uterus and can be, taken out at the time of urination.
- Pessary - A ring inserted in the vagina, that helps hold the bladder and prevent urine leakage.