In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a series of complicated procedures aimed at treating fertility and genetic problems and help with the conception of a baby. The treatment involves the fertilisation of an egg or eggs outside the body. An IVF procedure can be done using your own eggs and sperm, or using either donated sperm or donated eggs, or both. However, your chances of having a healthy child depend on factors such as age and the cause of infertility. If more than one embryo is implanted in your uterus, IVF can result in multiple pregnancies.
How does IVF works?
Why an IVF procedure is needed?
Sometimes, IVF is the first line of treatment of infertility in women over age 40. IVF can also be performed if you are suffering from some underlying medical conditions. However, your gynaecologist may recommend an IVF procedure if you fall under one of below given points:
An IVF treatment normally involves the following stages:
Risks associated with IVF treatment
- Suppressing your natural monthly hormone cycle
- Boosting the egg supply
- Monitoring the progress
- Collecting the eggs
- Fertilising the eggs
- Embryo transfer
There are many risks associated with IVF treatment:
- IVF increases the risk of multiple births if more than one embryo is implanted in your uterus
- IVF increases the risk of premature delivery and low birth weight
- Fertility medicines such as injectable human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) can make ovaries swell resulting in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
- The rate of miscarriage increases in women who conceive using IVF with fresh embryos
- A slight percentage of women who use IVF may have an ectopic pregnancy
- IVF treatment can be financially, physically and emotionally draining which may result in stress