Squint Repair is a surgical procedure that improves abnormal tension of the muscles within the eyes that are involved in the movement of the eyeballs. It is also called Extraocular Muscle Surgery for Squint, Repair of Cross-Eye or Strabismus Surgery.
A squint repair surgery is performed to realign the eyes to a normal balanced position, which helps improve the vision and to improve visual appearance of the eyes.
How a squint repair surgery is performed?
- After keeping the eyelids open, the ophthalmic surgeon makes an incision on the conjunctiva (the transparent tissue that covers the white of the eye)
- The muscles that control eye movement are then identified
- These muscles are then either strengthened (by removing a portion of the muscle or the tendon to make it shorter) or weakened (by cutting the muscle at its attachment and then reattaching it further back on the eye ball) in order to bring the eyeball into proper alignment
- The procedure may be repeated on the other eye, if necessary
A squint repair surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist
. The procedure may take an hour to complete.
What are the preparations needed before a squint repair surgery?
Complications during a squint repair surgery
- The doctor may evaluate the individual’s medical history to gain a comprehensive knowledge of the overall health status of the patient including information related to the medications that are being currently taken
- Some medications increase a person’s chances of bleeding, and it may be recommended to discontinue them for a period of time before the procedure is performed
- Blood tests may be performed to determine if there is a bleeding tendency or any other medical conditions that prevents the person from undergoing the procedure
- Do inform the physician if you are allergic to any local anaesthetics, lidocaine, etc.
- Avoid application of any cosmetics, deodorant, or topical medicines on the area, prior to the procedure
- It is advisable to quit smoking and the use of any nicotine based products for a while before the surgery
- Consumption of alcoholic drinks must also be avoided for a period of time, as instructed
- The patient must avoid eating or drinking at least 8 hours prior to the surgical procedure, depending on when the procedure is arranged
- For persons suffering from diabetes, it is important that the blood sugar stays within the normal range if not, their diabetologist may have to control blood sugar by recommending insulin or a combination of oral medicines
Complications after a squint repair surgery
Post-operative care needed after a squint repair surgery
- In rare cases, infection within the surgical wound
- Swelling within the eyelid
- The need for additional surgical procedure, if further correction is required
- Slowly resume daily activities at least a week after surgery
- Keep the eye dry (per instructions of your physician)
- Use anti-inflammatory and moisturizing eye drops (that are prescribed)
- Complete the course of prescribed medication under advice of the physician
- Take antibiotic medication to help combat or prevent infection (per the physician’s advice)
- Avoid taking non-prescription medications such as aspirin. However, individuals may take acetaminophen to relieve pain, per the physician’s advise