Rectal or Colon Polyp Removal is a procedure that involves the removal of an abnormal tissue growth from the membrane lining within the rectum or colon. The procedure is also known as Colorectal Polyp Removal, Snare Polypectomy or Surgery for Rectal or Colon Polyp.
How a rectal or colon polyp removal procedure is performed?
What are the reasons for a rectal or colon polyp removal procedure?
The rectal or colon polyp removal procedure is performed for the following reasons:
A Rectal or Colon Polyp Removal procedure may be performed under sedation.
- After making the individual lie on his/her side with their knees drawn towards the abdomen, the surgeon inserts a scope (tube fitted with camera) into the anus and rectum to visualise the large intestine
- The small polyps are then removed (polypectomy) by using a snare made of wire and electric current
- The larger polyps may be removed using laparoscopic surgery. Small incisions are made on the abdomen to introduce a tube fitted with a camera and surgical instruments to perform the procedure
A Rectal or Colon Polyp Removal procedure is usually performed in an out-patient surgery centre facility, either by a General surgeon
with assistance from an anaesthesiologist
. The procedure may take anywhere between 30 minutes to an hour.
Preparations needed before a rectal or colon polyp removal procedure
Diagnostic lab tests before a rectal or colon polyp removal procedure
- The physician may evaluate the individual’s medical history to gain a comprehensive knowledge of the overall health status of the patient including information related to the medications that are currently being taken
- Some medications increase a person’s chances of bleeding and it may be recommended to discontinue them for a period of time before the procedure is performed
- Blood tests may be performed to determine if there is a bleeding tendency or any other medical conditions that prevents the person from undergoing the procedure
- Inform the physician if you are allergic to any local anesthetics, lidocaine, etc.
- Avoid application of any cosmetics, deodorant, or topical medicines on the area prior to the procedure
- It is advisable to quit smoking and the use of any nicotine based products for a while before the surgery
- Consumption of alcoholic drinks must also be avoided for a period of time, as instructed
- The patient must avoid eating or drinking at least 8 hours prior to the surgical procedure, depending on when the procedure is arranged
- For individuals suffering from diabetes, it is important that the blood sugar stays within the normal range if not, their diabetologist may have to control blood sugar by recommending insulin or a combination of oral medicines
Before a Rectal or Colon Polyp Removal procedure, the patient has to undergo certain tests such as:
Risks and complications during rectal or colon polyp removal surgical procedure
- Routine blood and urine analysis
- X-ray of the lower gastrointestinal tract
The possible risks or complications that may arise during the rectal or colon polyp removal surgery are:
Risks and complications after rectal or colon polyp removal surgical procedure
The possible risks and complications that may arise after rectal or colon polyp removal are:
Post-operative care needed after a rectal or colon polyp removal surgical procedure
- Excessive bleeding from the surgical wound
- Signs of an infection resulting from an accidental colon perforation
At home, the following post-operative care is recommended, after a rectal or colon polyp removal procedure:
- Slowly resume regular/daily activities as early as possible, which aids in faster recovery
- Do contact the physician if you notice an urine discoloration after first bowel movements
- Complete the course of prescribed medication as advised by your physician
- Take stool softeners to prevent constipation, under advice of the physician
- Take antibiotic medication to help combat or prevent infection, per your physician’s advice
- Avoid taking non-prescription medications such as aspirin. However, individuals may take acetaminophen to relieve pain (per the physician’s advice)
- Avoid all activities that are physically strenuous for about 4 weeks after the surgery
- Resume driving 3 days after being discharged from the hospital (or follow your physician’s advice)
- Individuals are advised to have to clear liquids immediately after surgery, until the gastrointestinal tract begins properly functioning. They may then proceed to eat a well-balanced diet, which can aid in a faster recovery. However, fluids or spicy foods that may worsen the symptoms should be avoided