Details of Hyoscyamine Salt (Generic Drug)

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Details

Hyoscyamine produces many effects in the body, including relief from muscle spasms. Hyoscyamine also reduces the fluid secretions of many organs and glands in the body, such as the stomach, pancreas, lungs, saliva glands, sweat glands, and nasal passages. Hyoscyamine is used to treat many different stomach and intestinal disorders, including peptic ulcer and irritable bowel syndrome. It is also used to control muscle spasms in the bladder, kidneys, or digestive tract, and to reduce stomach acid. Hyoscyamine is sometimes used to reduce tremors and rigid muscles in people with symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Hyoscyamine is also used as a drying agent to control excessive salivation, runny nose, or excessive sweating. Avoid taking antacids at the same time you take hyoscyamine. Antacids can make it harder for your body to absorb hyoscyamine. Before taking hyoscyamine, tell your doctor if you have heart disease, congestive heart failure, a heart rhythm disorder, high blood pressure, overactive thyroid, or hiatal hernia with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Hyoscyamine may impair your thinking or reactions. Drinking alcohol can increase drowsiness and dizziness while you are taking hyoscyamine.


Typical Uses

Hyoscyamine is used to treat a variety of stomach/intestinal problems such as cramps and irritable bowel syndrome. It is also used to treat other conditions such as bladder and bowel control problems, cramping pain caused by kidney stones and gallstones, and Parkinson's disease. In addition, it is used to decrease side effects of certain medications (drugs used to treat myasthenia gravis) and insecticides.


Side Effects

Stop using hyoscyamine and inform your doctor immediately if you encounter diarrhoea confusion, hallucinations unusual thoughts or behaviour fast, pounding, or uneven heart rate rash or flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling) or eye pain.


Drug Interactions

  • Hyoscyamine+potassium citrate- Talk to your doctor before using potassium oral tablets or capsules together with hyoscyamine. Depending on the dose of hyoscyamine and your overall physical health, combining these medications may increase the irritant effects of potassium on your stomach and upper intestine. This can rarely result in ulcers, bleeding, and other gastrointestinal injury.
  • Hyoscyamine+topiramate- Topiramate can cause increased body temperature and decreased sweating, and these effects may be worsened when combined with medications like hyoscyamine. Heat stroke and hospitalization may occur in some people, especially in warm weather and during vigorous exercise. Children are particularly susceptible. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.
  • Hyoscyamine+zonisamide- Zonisamide can cause increased body temperature and decreased sweating, and these effects may be worsened when combined with medications like hyoscyamine. Heat stroke and hospitalization may occur in some people, especially in warm weather and during vigorous exercise. Children are particularly susceptible. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.


Mechanism of action

Hyoscyamine works by decreasing acid production in the stomach, slowing down the natural movements of the gut, and relaxing muscles in many organs (e.g., stomach, intestines, bladder, kidney, and gallbladder). Hyoscyamine also lessens the amount of certain body fluids (e.g., saliva, sweat). This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as anticholinergics/antispasmodics.


Pregnancy Category : C


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