What is mumps?
Mumps is an illness that is caused by a virus. Generally, it occurs in childhood. Mumps get transmitted by airborne droplets from the upper respiratory tract. The disease usually takes around 2 to 3 weeks to appear. Since the introduction of the mumps vaccine, cases of mumps are uncommon.
How is mumps diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and medical exam, your doctor can also take a saliva or urinary culture to confirm the diagnosis of mumps.
How can mumps be prevented?
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) is a childhood combination of vaccine that is used against mumps, measles, and rubella. It provides immunity for most of the people. People who have had the mumps are immune for life.
Usually, the first dose of the MMR vaccine is given when a child is 12 to 15 months old, and a second dose is given at 4 to 6 years of age. However, if more than 28 days have passed since the first dose was given a second dose can be given before the age of 4.
What are the symptoms of mumps?
Most of the children will be having no or very mild symptoms of mumps. Mentioned below are the most common symptoms of mumps that can be viewed in both adults and children:
- Trouble in the salivary glands (in the front of the neck) or the parotid glands (immediately in front of the ears). One of these glands can get swollen and tender.
- Difficulty in chewing
- Pain and tenderness of the testicles
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
Some of the symptoms of mumps may appear like different conditions or medical problems. Always have a talk with your doctor for diagnosis.
What is the treatment for mumps?
Treatment is usually limited to medicines for pain and plenty of fluids. Often, bed rest is necessary the first few days.
According to an estimate, adults should stay home from work for 5 days after glands begin to swell. Children should stay out of school until symptoms have lessened.
Both adults and children who are suffering with mumps symptoms should lower down their contact with other people who live in their homes.
Good basic hygiene practices, like thorough hand-washing, covering the mouth when sneezing or coughing, and regularly cleaning often-touched surfaces, are also important in disease control.