Panfacial fractures can be defined as multiple fractures of the facial bones that generally affect the upper, middle, and lower areas of the face. The management and treatment of panfacial fracture is an intricate task because of the lack of reliable developments.
Before taking a treatment on a patient of panfacial fracture, a thorough understanding of the principles is important.
Panfacial fractures are often termed as maxillofacial injuries. The treatment of patients suffering from injuries requires immediate operative management.
If the patient is not under critical state, the treatment or operation can be delayed. In cases where patient needs critical care, the initial surgeries performed are majorly corrective surgeries.
Causes of Panfacial Fractures
The major causes of panfacial fractures are:
- Physical attack or assault
- A head-on vehicle collision
- Falling from a height
- Sports injury
- Occupational injuries or injury at work
- Injury due to a blast or shooting
Risks related with Panfacial Fractures
The main risk factors include:
- Deformities affecting looks and appearance
- Scars and marks left behind after injury and surgery
- Social and emotional trauma
- Lowering of blood volumes or high cholesterol levels
In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following things:
- Avoiding rigorous exercise
- Maintaining health
- Cleaning and washing your face properly
How is panfacial fractures diagnosed?
The ultimate aim is to treat the multiple facial fractures and correct the affected areas through thorough understanding.
The affected areas need to be closely examined, marked, and treated in a sequential manner starting with the most essential part.
Following are the technologies used to diagnose it:
- 3D imaging
- CT (Computed Tomography) scan
- Cone-beam Technology
Symptoms of Panfacial Fractures
Panfacial fractures consist of the injuries to the upper, lower, and middle thirds of the facial bones. These types of injuries often result in multisystem injury, requiring team approach. The injury can be identified with early symptoms which include:
- Difficulty in breathing, in case of nasal bone fractures
- Swelling near the eyes and the traumatized area
- Internal bleeding