Ebstein’s disease can be referred to as a defect of the heart that is rare and is present from birth. It is a kind of malformation in which some parts of the tricuspid valve are abnormal and do not work properly.
Tricuspid valve is the valve that is situated between the two chambers of the heart, the right atrium and right ventricle. As a consequence of the damaged tricuspid valve, there may be some blood leakage from the valve, affecting the functioning of the heart.
The size of the heart may further be enlarged, causing a heart failure. Quite frequently, this malformation may induce the tricuspid valve to forgo blood in a backward position into the right atrium, while the right ventricle squeezes.
This backward flow increases the force in the right atrium which leaves the foramen ovale exposed. Such a condition causes deoxygenated blood to pass from the right atrium to the left atrium, moving directly to the parts of the body.
Ebstein’s disease can be referred to as the deformity of the tricuspid valve and is marked by many factors like the rearrangement of the functional annulus in a downward position, extension of the atrialised part of the right ventricle with some degree of thinning of the wall, dismissal of the frontal leaflet, and expansion of atrioventricular junction.
Causes of Ebstein’s Disease
A child would have this defect from birth, and why it occurs is still not known. The main reason is the deformity in the tricuspid valve which is made of three leaflets.
Risks related with Ebstein’s Disease
As the disease develops at a very early stage of the baby’s heart development, the factors that affect the disease are unknown. However, certain factors can be considered as risks for development of such defects:
- Environmental factors.
- Genetic factors.
- Exposure to lithium during pregnancy.
- Mother suffering viral infection during pregnancy.
There is still no known prevention of the disorder, but one can take proper precautions at the time of pregnancy to avoid any such probability. Ask your doctor before taking any medicines, if they are considered to be related to the development of the disease.
How is Ebstein’s Disease diagnosed?
In order to diagnose this disease, doctor may suggest the following tests:
- Chest X-ray
- Pulse Oximetry
- Cardiac MRI
- Holter Monitor
Symptoms of Ebstein’s Disease
The moderate types of Ebstein’s disorder might show symptoms at a later stage in life. Some of the symptoms that manifest in a person can include:
- Breathlessness because of great exertion
- Excessive exhaustion
- Abnormal rhythms of the heart and heart palpitations
- Discoloration of the skin and lips because of cyanosis
- Chronic cough
- Inability to grow
- Breathing rapidly
How is Ebstein’s Disease treated?
The treatment of this disease basically depends on the extent of the intensity. The purpose of the treatment is to lessen the symptoms, not giving chance to any future complications to develop. The specialists may employ various treatment methods:
- Regular Monitoring
- Tests and physical examination