Hepatocellular carcinoma is a condition that commonly arises in patients who are diagnosed with chronic liver diseases like acute liver failure.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common kind of primary liver cancer. Primary cancers like hepatocellular carcinoma originate from the patient’s liver itself.
Causes of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
The causes of Hepatocellular carcinoma are often unclear in some cases. However, in specific cases, it can develop due to chronic infection which is caused by the hepatitis virus.
The disease may even develop due to specific abnormalities in the liver cells when they go through mutations. These clusters of cells may turn into a cancerous tumor.
Risks associated with Hepatocellular Carcinoma
The factors which increase the risk of Hepatocellular carcinoma in people include:
- Infections caused by the Hepatitis virus.
- Liver diseases like Cirrhosis, hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease.
- Accumulation of fat in the liver.
- Drinking and smoking.
How is Hepatocellular Carcinoma diagnosed?
The disease can be diagnosed using the following tests:
- Blood Tests
- Imaging Tests
- Liver Biopsy
Symptoms of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
The symptoms of Hepatocellular carcinoma include:
- Sudden loss of weight
- Poor appetite
- Pain in the upper parts of the abdomen.
- Feeling of nausea and vomiting
- Weakness and fatigue
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Pale colored stools
How is Hepatocellular Carcinoma treated?
The doctor may try to control the symptoms and the complications of Hepatocellular carcinoma through medication or through surgical procedures.
- Liver Transplant Surgery
- Destroying the Cancer Cells
- Radiation Therapy