Rosacea is a very common rash which is generally found on the central part of the face, usually of a middle-aged person. A tendency to flush easily is followed by persistent redness on the cheeks, chin, forehead and nose, and by crops of small inflamed red bumps and pus spots.
What causes rosacea?
The cause of rosacea is not known yet, but many people think that the defect is found in the blood vessels in the skin of the face, which dilate too easily. Rosacea is more common in women than in men, and in those with a fair skin who flush easily.
Many of the things tries to make rosacea worse, but probably do not cause it in the first place. They include alcohol, too much exercise, both high and low temperatures, hot spicy foods, stress, and sunlight.
Things that made up one person’s rosacea may well have no effect at all on the rosacea of someone else. The idea that rosacea is due to germs in the skin, or in the bowel, has not been proved. Rosacea is not catching.
What does rosacea look like?
Rosacea starts with a tendency to blush and flush easily. After sometime, the central areas of the face become a deeper shade of red and end up staying this color all the time.
The area becomes studded with small red bumps (papules) and pus spots, which come and go in crops. Small dilated blood vessels (telangiectasia) appear, looking like thin red streaks. Scarring is seldom a problem.
Other problems with rosacea include the following:
- Rosacea can further lead to embarrassment, anxiety, or depression, and a disrupted social life.
- The face can swell (lymphoedema), especially around the eyes.
- The nose may grow big, red and bulbous (rhinophyma) due to the overgrowth of the sebaceous glands. This is more common in men than women.
Some people with rosacea may have eye symptoms (red, itchy, sore eyes and eyelids a gritty feeling sensitivity to light). A few patients with rosacea have more serious eye problems, such as rosacea keratitis, that can interfere with vision.
How will rosacea be diagnosed?
Your doctor will recognize rosacea just by looking at your skin. There are no diagnostic laboratory tests available for this disease. Rosacea differs from acne in that the skin is not extra-greasy blackheads and scarring are not features flushing is common and there is a background of red skin.
Can rosacea be cured?
There is no treatment available that can give guarantee to switch rosacea off forever. Though, long term treatments can control symptoms and clear the spots. Treatment works best if started when rosacea is at an early stage.
What are the symptoms of rosacea?
The skin of the face feels sensitive, and can burn or sting. Flushing adds to the embarrassment that is caused by the rash. Be sure to consult it with your doctor if you are having problems with your eyes.