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What is Myopia, Causes and treatment of Myopia

Myopia

  • Posted on- May 01, 2018
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Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Myopia (Nearsightedness) is a condition of the eye in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus.

Why does Myopia (Nearsightedness) occur?

When your eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much of curvature, light entering the eye is not focused properly on the retina – the sensory layer – inside the eye. Myopia (Nearsightedness) can be hereditary or it may occur spontaneously.

How common is Myopia (Nearsightedness)?

Myopia (Nearsightedness) is a very common eye condition that affects nearly 25% of the total population. This kind of a condition normally starts during childhood and continues to increase until the individual reaches the age of 20.

Will I have to wear glasses?

You may need glasses for distance only or full time as the requirement to enable you to see more clearly. If your condition warrants, your doctor will prescribe corrective lenses for you. You can only have them for certain activities, like watching television, going to a movie or driving a car.

Will glasses or contact lenses cure Myopia (Nearsightedness)?

Eyeglasses or contact lenses visually correct the problem by altering the way the image enters your eyes, but they do not cure Myopia (Nearsightedness). At present time, there are no proven cures for Myopia (Nearsightedness).

Surgical procedures like LASIK, PRK or SBK or lens implants may eliminate your need for glasses or contact lenses.

How is Myopia (Nearsightedness) diagnosed?

People with Myopia (Nearsightedness) will often have problem seeing the whiteboard, the movie screen, the television set or other distant objects.

When your doctor gives you a comprehensive eye examination, he or she will involve tests to determine if there is a prescription for Myopia (Nearsightedness).

How will Myopia (Nearsightedness) affect someone's lifestyle?

If contact lenses or glasses are prescribed, it can take up to 2 weeks to adjust to seeing clearly with them.

Some people with Myopia (Nearsightedness) may find that they are prohibited from some occupations (for example, police officers or fire fighters), due to their inability to see properly if their glasses fall off. Laser surgery may be useful in these above mentioned cases.

Contact lenses are proven to be very useful for correcting Myopia (Nearsightedness) and are ideal for people with more active lifestyles.


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