What is Congenital Heart Disease?
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an abnormal development of the heart that occurs at the time of pregnancy before a baby is born. Congenital heart disease occurs during the first eight weeks of a baby’s development and affects eight out of every 1,000 babies born.
Congenital heart diseases range from routine to complex. Some of the heart problems need careful monitoring. Different congenital heart diseases may require more intensive treatments, such as medication or surgery.
What causes Congenital Heart Disease?
Most congenital heart defects have no known cause. Hereditary and genetic factors may play a vital role in some cases. Learn more about causes of congenital heart disease.
Types of Congenital Heart Disease
There are different types of congenital heart defects, depending on how the heart disease affects the body. These types include:
- Too much blood circulated in the lungs
- Too little blood circulated in the lungs
- Too little blood circulated throughout the body
In some cases there will be a combination of several heart diseases that create more complex issues including:
Treatments for congenital heart disease
A cardiologist will check each patient and determine the best course of treatment for each individual case. The treatment will basically depend on the type of congenital heart disease and how severe it is. Other factors that affect treatment include:
- Age of patient
- Weight of patient
- Patient's general health
Some of the common treatment options for congenital heart disease are: