What is Nasal Polyps?
Nasal Polyps are soft, tender, and non-cancerous growth that happens inside the nasal cavity. These hang from the nose lining (usually both nostrils) like tear drops resulting in a running nose, loss of smell, decreased taste, etc.
The polyps can differentiate in size and may be yellowish or pink in appearance. Large polyps can cause further breathing difficulties and affect the patients smelling power. Nasal Polyps block sinus and cause infections.
The disease seems to affect more than 10 million people per year in India alone. Nasal polyps are very common in men as compared to women and it can happen at any of the stage. People suffering from asthma, sinus, and allergies are more prone to develop the disorder.
Causes of Nasal Polyps
However, the prime cause of nasal polyps is not clearly known, most of the cases are linked to non-allergic asthma. Some of the most probable causes include:
Risks associated with Nasal Polyps
- Swelling or nasal inflammation.
- Fluid build-up in the interstitial spaces.
- Appearance of nasal polyps near the sinus openings.
The main risk factors are:
In order to prevent the disease from occurring, one should take care of the following things:
How is nasal polyps diagnosed?
- Avoiding allergies.
- Keeping your nose clean and unblocked.
- Having a diet that prevents the formation of polyps.
- Regular usage of nasal sprays.
A nasal polyp cannot be seen with a naked eye. It will be visible with the help of a lighted instrument called otoscope or nasoscope. Following are the procedures required to diagnose the disease:
Symptoms of Nasal Polyps
People suffering from nasal polyps develop chronic inflammation of the nasal passage lining, and sinuses (chronic sinusitis). Clusters or large polyps obstruct the nasal passage. The most common symptoms are:
- Running nose
- Stuffy or blocked nose
- Post-nasal drip feeling of mucus running down the throat
- Loss of smelling power which may not improve even if polyps are treated
- Loss of taste
- Pain in the face, and headache
- Itchiness around the eyes
- Sleep apnea
- Double or blurred vision