- Angioplasty is a medical procedure that doctors often perform immediately after a heart attack.
- Angioplasty may reduce the risk of having another heart attack or needing open-heart bypass surgery.
- The Angioplasty is most effective if the doctor performs it within the 24 hours after a heart attack.
For what Angioplasty is used?
- An angioplasty your doctor can perform to open the blood vessels that supply blood to your heart muscle. These blood vessels are also known as coronary arteries. Doctors often perform angioplasty immediately after a heart attack.
- The angioplasty is also called a "percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty." In many cases, they insert a coronary artery stent following angioplasty. The stent helps keep the blood flowing and the artery from narrowing again.
- Having an angioplasty within the first hours after a heart attack may reduce your risk of having another. Timing is crucial.
- Angioplasty performed after more than 24 hours of heart attack may not provide any benefits. The faster you receive treatment for a heart attack, the lower the risk of heart failure and other complications.
- Angioplasty can also relieve the symptoms of heart disease if you haven't had a heart attack.
What is the Treatment cost of Angioplasty in India?
Which doctor to be consulted for Angioplasty in India?
Which hospital to be preferred for Angioplasty in India?
1. Are there any side effects of angioplasty?
- 35 % - 45% of the people who have undergone angioplasty experience recurrent narrowing of arteries in the areas where the balloons were inserted. Stents can be placed to prevent the blocks from recurring.
- There is the risk of coronary artery damage during angioplasty
- Though extremely rare there are chances of a stroke happening during angioplasty
- Kidney damage may result due to the dye used during angioplasty. The doctor usually uses a very limited amount of dye if you have a history of kidney problems and also makes sure you are well hydrated during angioplasty.
- There is risk of blood clots or scar tissue forming in the stent.
- During angioplasty, you may experience irregular heart rhythm, which usually corrects itself after the procedure is complete.
- There may be side effects from the medicines you need to take after angioplasty
2. Who are not eligible for angioplasty?
- You are not eligible for angioplasty if:
- you have diabetes
- you have multiple blockages in heart
- your heart muscle is weak
- the main artery which brings the blood into your heart is too narrow
3. Are the any steps to be ensured after angioplasty?
After undergoing an angioplasty procedure you need to take care of the following factors:
- You need to take your medicines religiously, especially the medicines given for anti-clotting. Do not stop taking the anti-clotting and anti-platelet medicines without consulting the doctor. They are very essential to keep strokes and heart attacks at bay.
- One week after angioplasty, you need to go for a general physical check-up, get an ECG done, get your blood pressure checked and undergo some laboratory tests.
- Avoid any strenuous exercises, including hiking, bicycle rides for about two weeks after angioplasty
- You need to avoid driving and taking long drives for two weeks after angioplasty
- You need to report to the doctor immediately if you experience pain in the chest or in the leg or wrist, allergic reaction to medications, experience dizziness and weakness, shivering, fever, and chills
4. How long will it take to recover from angioplasty?
- You can return to normal activities after around 4 days of angioplasty although, you should avoid any strenuous work or lifting any object heavier than 6 Kg's for at least 4 weeks after angioplasty. You also need to avoid driving, long drives, strenuous exercises such as swimming and hiking for at least 4 weeks after angioplasty.
5. Who undergoes angioplasty?
- Your cardiologist decides best if you need angioplasty or not based on medical tests reports. If you have any of the below, you would be advised angioplasty:
- Atherosclerosis (condition of reduced blood flow to the heart due to hard, narrow, or stiffen arteries)
- A heart attack
- Frequent chest pain (angina) that is not responding to medications and lifestyle changes
6. What are the advantages of angioplasty?
- Increases the flow of blood to the heart
- Decreases heart attack risk
- Reduces angina risk
- Smaller incision so spend less time in the hospital
- Faster recovery