What is Acute Kidney Injury?
The kidneys in your body filter your blood to remove the waste and water from blood, maintain your blood pressure, clean the blood and stimulate your bone marrows to produce blood. Therefore, the kidneys play a pivotal role in your day-to-day life.
In acute kidney injury, your kidneys are damaged and cease to function properly.
The complications that arise from acute kidney injury could range from minor loss of kidney function to complete failure of the kidneys. Although the name suggests that acute kidney injury is an injury due to a physical blow to the kidneys, it usually happens as a result of other serious illnesses.
Acute kidney failure is often seen in older people with other complications.
If diagnosed in the early stages, your doctor can treat you to avoid complications later on. In case of delayed diagnosis, the level of salts and chemicals in blood will be abnormally high, owing to malfunctioning kidneys. This will affect not only your kidneys, but also the functioning of other organs. In case of a complete kidney failure, it is necessary to provide external aid from a dialysis machine. If ignored, acute kidney injury leads to death.
What are the symptoms of Acute Kidney Injury?
Although symptoms may not be clearly perceivable in the early stages of the Acute Kidney Injury, as the condition worsens, there could be symptoms like -
Which specialty of doctor to be consulted for the treatment of Acute Kidney Injury in India?
Which hospital to be preferred for Acute Kidney Injury in India?
1. What are the causes of Acute Kidney Injury?
Usually, acute kidney injury is the result of decreased flow of blood into your kidneys. The cause for this decrease in volume of blood could be -
2. What are the factors which increase the risk of Acute Kidney Injury?
You could be at a risk of acute kidney injury if you are -
3. What are the possible ways to prevent Acute Kidney Injury?
To prevent the chances of acute kidney injury, make healthy lifestyle a priority. Be extra cautious when you take over-the-counter medications such as painkillers and always avoid their excessive usage. If you have problems like high blood pressure or diabetes, ensure corrective measures like dietary modifications and regular moderate exercises.
4. How is Acute Kidney Injury diagnosed?
At Medanta, your Nephrologist diagnoses acute kidney injury using the following tests -