Fatty liver, or known is more medical terms as steatosis, is the build up of fat in the liver. Liver has some amount of fat in it, but presence of fat which makes more than 5%-10% of fat in the liver can be a bit dangerous.
- It is a common and reversible process and can be changed with some changes in the lifestyle and diet
- It may not have any symptoms and doesn’t cause any permanent damage
Symptoms of fatty liver:
Certain symptoms of fatty liver may include:
Diagnosis of fatty liver:
Techniques to diagnose fatty liver are:
- Blood tests: Certain liver enzymes might be treated which may be higher than normal. Presence of higher level of such enzymes may denote fatty liver.
- Ultrasound: Fatty liver may be found by seeing the image of liver in ultrasound. The fat in the liver will be seen as white area.
- Liver biopsy: A needle will be inserted in to the liver, and a tissue will be taken out for certain tests.
Causes of fatty liver:
There may be many causes of fatty liver, which may include:
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Hyperlipidemia, or high levels of fat in the body
- Rapid weight loss
- Genetic inheritance
- Side effects of certain medicines
- Too much iron in the body
- Hepatitis C (which cause inflammation in the body)
Risk factors of fatty liver:
Certain risk factors may include:
Treatments of fatty liver:
- There is no certain treatment of fatty liver. Preventing the risk factors such loosing weight, quitting alcohol, managing cholesterol and sugar level and eating a healthy and balanced diet can help to reduce fatty liver.
Types of fatty liver:
There are two main types of fatty liver:
- Alcoholic liver disease (ALD)- This disease occur by drinking too much of alcohol. As heavy drinking damages the liver, liver can’t breakdown the fat resulting in the accumulation of fat in the liver.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)- The cause of this fatty liver is not known, it can caused due to obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol or can be genetic (run into families). But this is not caused due to alcohol.
But there are other two types which are:
- Acute fatty liver of pregnancy- Acute fatty liver is the rare condition of pregnancy which can be life threatening.
- Symptoms begins in third semester, which may include:
- Persistent nausea and vomiting
- General malaise
- Pain in the upper-right abdomen