Acute kidney injury (acute renal failure) means that the kidney has suddenly stopped working properly. Kidneys remove waste products and balance water, salt and other minerals in the body.
- When the working of kidney is stopped then waste products, electrolytes and fluids build in the body.
- The building of electrolytes and waste product in the body can cause serious deadly problems.
Symptoms of acute kidney injury:
Symptoms may include:
Causes of acute kidney injury:
- A sudden serious drop of blood flow to the kidney- Some injury, or heavy blood loss or any bad infection can reduce or stop blood flow to the kidney. Sudden stop or decrease of blood flow can stop the normal working of kidney. Dehydration can also effect kidney.
- Damage from some medicines, poisons or infections- Certain antibiotics, blood pressure medicines, or dyes used for X-ray can cause harm to kidney, mostly for that people who has serious, long term health issues.
- A sudden blockage that stop flowing of urine- Kidney stones, a tumour, a injury or an enlarged prostate gland can cause a blockage.
Risk factors of acute kidney injury:
Certain risk factors may include:
- People with older age a much higher risk of acute kidney injury than younger ones
- People having long term health problems such as kidney or liver disease, diabetes, high blood pressure etc
- People who have undergone any surgery, or may be seriously ill and in the hospital.
Treatments of acute kidney injury:
Certain treatments may include:
- Treatment will be done depending on the type of kidney injury
- In case of any blockage blood flow will be restored, or if the injury is caused by any medicine, the medicine will e stopped.
- At the same time, waste should be prevented from building up in kidney by a method a dialysis
- Certain antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent other problems and infections.
Diagnosis of acute kidney injury:
A acute kidney injury can e diagnosed during a routine health check up for person who are in the hospital or may e undergoing treatment for other diseases. For person who are not undergoing any treatment, certain diagnosis can be done after emerging or certain symptoms.
Certain diagnosis techniques may include:
- Certain blood and urine test which can show if certain compounds such as proteins, electrolytes or other things are increased in the blood or not.
- Screening to see if the person have normal levels of sodium, potassium or calcium in the body.
- Ultrasound to have imaging of the kidneys to check if there is any blockage or not.