Cutis Laxa is a rare skin disorder leading to inelasticity of the skin thereby giving a sagging appearance to the patient’s face and rest of the body. Cutis Laxa affects the connective tissue that provides the elasticity to the skin and maintain the normal structure of skin. Cutis Laxa affects the men and women of all ages equally. Cutis Laxa is a connective tissue disorder which is mostly acquired through various genetic factors. The sagging of skin mainly appears around the face, neck, thighs, eyes, and shoulders. The treatment of Cutis Laxa can help in minimizing its complications and symptoms. Cutis Laxa skin condition is also known as Dermatochalasia.
Causes of Cutis Laxa
The exact cause of Cutis Laxa is not known. However, in most of the cases Cutis Laxa is inherited. The absence of elastin fiber in the skin and various mutations in genes may cause Cutis Laxa. Mutation in the genes such as ELN, ATP7A, FBLN4, PYCR1, and FBLN5 may cause Cutis Laxa.
The signs and symptoms of Cutis Laxa vary according the severity of the condition. A patient with Cutis Laxa may have both internal and external symptoms. Consult a dermatologist immediately if you experience any of these symptoms. Common signs and symptoms of Cutis Laxa include:
Diagnosis of Cutis Laxa
- Inelastic skin
- Loose folds on the body
- Ruptured skin vessels
- Wrinkles around neck, groin and armpits
- Bleeding under the skin
- Stretching of ligaments and tendons
- Weak bones
- Irregular heart beat
A dermatologist will start the diagnosis of Cutis Laxa by performing a physical exam and asking about your medical history. After this, he may order a diagnostic test to get detailed information about the condition. Diagnostic tests
for Cutis Laxa may include:
The treatment of Cutis Laxa depends on the severity of the symptoms. A dermatologist may prescribe medicines such as beta-blockers and dapsone to prevent aortic aneurysms and to alleviate the pain and discomfort. A patient with Cutis Laxa should avoid smoking and going out in the sun. Botulinum injections can be given to improve facial defects and the premature aging. Excessive loose skin can be corrected with cosmetic surgery. However, there is no specific medicine that can completely cure or prevent the symptoms related with Cutis Laxa.
Prevention of Cutis Laxa
You cannot prevent Cutis Laxa as it is a genetic disease. Acquired Cutis Laxa can’t be prevented because dermatologists currently don’t know why it is caused.