Tinea Versicolor is a common skin infection caused by fungus Malassezia. Tinea Versicolor is not contagious and does not cause any health issues. However, multiple patches on the skin can cause emotional distress among patients. The malassezia fungus lives on the skin and protects it from other infections and diseases, but sometimes the unexpected growth of fungus leads to the loss of skin pigmentation. Tinea Versicolor is common among teenagers due to hormonal fluctuations. However, Tinea Versicolor can affect people of all ages and genders. Tinea Versicolor is also known as Pityriasis.
Causes of Tinea Versicolor
The rapid growth of fungus causes the discoloration of skin resulting in Tinea Versicolor. Certain biological and environmental factors can cause overgrowth of fungi on the skin. Possible causes of Tinea Versicolor are:
The most visible symptom of Tinea Versicolor is the changes in skin color. These discolored patches usually appear on arms, chest, back, or neck. Tinea Versicolor often results in the loss of skin color in people with dark skin this known as hypopigmentation and in some people skin appears to be dark which is known as hyperpigmentation. The symptoms of Tinea Versicolor get worse in the hot and humid weather. Other common symptoms of Tinea Versicolor are:
Diagnosis of Tinea Versicolor
can diagnose Tinea Versicolor simply by looking at the discolored patches. Sometimes dermatologists take the sample from the affected area. The sample is further observed under a microscope to determine the possible cause of the infection. A patient should tell the doctor about their medical history and symptoms they have been experiencing.
The treatment of Tinea Versicolor depends on the factors such as severity of the infection, climate, thickness and area of the infection. The treatment of Tinea Versicolor involves the combination of lifestyle changes and medicines.
Prevention of Tinea Versicolor
- Anti fungal medications to prevent the infection from spreading to other body parts.
- Creams and lotions containing pyrithione zinc or ketoconazole can kill rapid growth of fungus on the skin.
- Using anti-fungal soap to clean the affected area.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays.
- Avoid going out in hot and humid temperature.
- Bath daily to avoid excessive accumulation of oil and dirt on the skin.
In order to prevent Tinea Versicolor from relapsing, a dermatologist may prescribe a skin or oral treatment that you use once or twice a month including: