Measles is a viral infection that affects the respiratory system of the body. Measles is a highly communicable disease and is caused by the rubeola virus. This disease is more common among children. Measles cannot be cured but can be easily prevented by a vaccine. Healthy individuals can get measles easily by coming in direct contact with an infected person. The infection remains active for at least 4 days. Due to rubeloa virus, red and itchy rashes appear all over the skin which generally last up to seven days.
Causes of Measles
Measles is caused by the rubeola virus, which develops in the mucus of nose and throat of an infected person. Measles infection in pregnant women may result in birth defects and can even lead to miscarriage. Avoid any type of physical contact with a person infected with measles. The infected person can spread the infection through coughing, sneezing, or while talking.
The infection enters the body and multiplies itself inside the throat, lungs, lymphatic system and later on may also infect the nervous system, urinary tract, eyes, and blood vessels. The symptoms of measles usually appear within the 14 days of exposure to rubeloa virus. Some common symptoms of measles may include:
Complications associated with Measles
If measles is left untreated it may lead to pneumonia
, inflammation in the brain
and even sudden death. Some other complications related with measles are:
There are no prescribed medicines for the treatment of measles. The virus itself disappears in few weeks. However, a doctor may give some medicines to ease the patient from the symptoms of measles. Vitamin A supplements, acetaminophen to reduce muscle soreness, steam intake, and plenty of fluid intakes can help in the treatment of measles.
Prevention of Measles
- The best way to prevent measles is get a MMR (Mumps, Measles, and Rubeola) vaccine. This vaccine is given to children two times: when they are between 12 to 15 months of age and the second time when they are 4-6 years old.
- Moreover, if anyone has measles, it’s wise to limit your interaction and tell them not to go out until the infection is completely treated.