Lupus is a long-term immune system disease resulting in the inflammation of various tissues of the body. Lupus disease occurs when the body’s immune system becomes overactive and is unable to differentiate between the healthy tissue cells and antigens such as virus and bacteria. Lupus can develop anywhere in the body, but mainly affects the brain, skin, kidneys, lungs, blood vessels and other internal organs. Lupus is most common between the ages of 20 and 45 and women are at greater risk of developing this disease than men. There is no permanent cure available for lupus medication can be given to help reduce the symptoms associated lupus.
Causes of Lupus
The exact cause of Lupus in not known. However, certain factors such as environment, hormones, or genetic may contribute in the development of Lupus.
Environmental factors such as excessive exposure of skin against the sun, rays from the light bulbs, exposure to industrial chemicals, smoking, injury, infections, and use of illegal drugs affects the immune system which may result in Lupus.
The chances of developing lupus disease increase if anyone in your family is diagnosed with this condition. Abnormal changes in the hormones, especially estrogen, can cause this disease to occur.
The symptoms of Lupus depend on the location where it occurs. The most common symptom of lupus is the formation of a butterfly shaped rash across the cheeks and nose. The sores and rashes may also appear on the hands, chest, neck, face, and arms. Some other common symptoms of Lupus are:
Diagnosis of Lupus
The doctor will start the diagnosis of lupus by performing a physical examination to check for the severity of the symptoms and will ask you about your medical history. After this, he may order some diagnostic tests
which will help in devising the right course of treatment of lupus. Diagnostic tests for lupus may include:
Imaging tests such as CT scan, MRI, X-ray, and echocardiogram
are done if lupus is affecting the internal organs.
The treatment of lupus varies according to the patient’s age, sex, symptoms, and overall health. However, the main aim of the treatment of Lupus is to provide relief from the symptoms and prevent lupus from spreading to other internal organs.
Medications for lupus
Lifestyle treatment for lupus
Medicines slow down the development of lupus and reduce the swelling and pain. Immunosuppressive medicines revive the normal functioning of the immune system and balance the overgrowth of hormones. Non-steroidal inflammatory drugs help in reducing inflammation and pain in the joints and muscles. A kidney transplant
or dialysis has to be performed if lupus has resulted in kidney damage.