Cellulitis is a non-contagious bacterial skin infection that affects the deeper layer of the skin along with subcutaneous tissues under the skin. Bacteria present on the skin generally do not cause any harm. However, they can enter the deeper layer of skin through a cut or wound and cause infection. Cellulitis infection can occur anywhere in the body, but usually affects the lower legs. Cellulitis can be fatal if the bacterium enters the bloodstream or lymph nodes. This skin infection can affect people of all ages. Cellulitis results in the swelling, tenderness, and redness around the affected area.
Causes of cellulitis
The bacteria staphylococcus and streptococcus is responsible for the occurrence of cellulitis. These bacteria enter the skin through a wound, which may be caused to an injury, insect bite, or surgical incision. Sometimes, a break in the skin can also occur due to burns, grazes, ulcers, or other skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis.
Risk factors for cellulitis
The risk of developing a cellulitis increase in people who have:
Common symptoms of cellulitis are:
Diagnosis of cellulitis
will start the diagnosis of cellulitis by performing a physical exam and asking about your medical history. After this, he may take a sample of the affected tissue to observe it under the microscope. This will help him to identify the type of bacteria causing cellulitis. A blood test
can also determine the presence of bacteria in the body.
The main objective behind the treatment of cellulitis is to stop the bacteria from reaching the bloodstream. A dermatologist will start the treatment of cellulitis by prescribing antibiotics. These antibiotics are effective in reducing the symptoms of cellulitis such as reddening of skin and inflammation. A patient may receive antibiotics orally or intravenously. Drink plenty of water to maintain the normal flow of blood in the body. A patient diagnosed with cellulitis should keep the affected area elevated in order to reduce swelling.
Prevention of cellulitis
Complications of cellulitis
If Cellulitis is left untreated, it may result in serious complications such as:
- Use moisturizer to prevent the skin from getting dry
- Use antibacterial soap for cleaning the wounds
- Keep the cuts clean, covered, and dry
- Maintain weight
- Avoid scratching of skin