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what is Erysipelas, causes of Erysipelas, treatment of Erysipelas

Erysipelas

  • Posted on- Mar 17, 2017
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Erysipelas is a bacterial skin infection that usually affects the top most layer of the skin. Erysipelas is very rare, but requires immediate treatment. Erysipelas is often associated with other skin infection known as cellulitis, which affects the lower layers of the skin. Erysipelas generally occurs on the face and legs. Blisters, boils, fever, and chills follow this skin infection. Erysipelas infection results in red rashes. If Erysipelas is left untreated, it may cause further complications such as blood clots, heart valve infection, bone and joint infection and abscess.

Causes of Erysipelas

The bacteria Streptococcus is generally responsible for erysipelas. This bacteria lives on the skin and causes no harm, but can enter deep layers of the skin through a cut or wound and develop into an infection. People with autoimmune disease or a person with poor blood flow is at greater risk of developing the Erysipelas. Other possible causes of Erysipelas include:


Symptoms

The symptoms of Erysipelas develop quickly and can be painful. Consult a dermatologist if any of the below mentioned symptoms occur. Common symptoms of Erysipelas include:


Diagnosis of Erysipelas

The Erysipelas can be diagnosed by performing a physical examination. Tell a dermatologist about your medical history and symptoms. He may also scrape the skin to get a sample from the infected area. The sample taken from the affected area is sent for testing and further confirmation of diagnosis.


Treatment

The goal of the treatment of erysipelas is to reduce the swelling and prevent infection from spreading further. The treatment of erysipelas generally includes the combination of home remedies and medications. Treatment options for erysipelas include: 

  • Antibiotics such as penicillin, to slow down the growth of infection
  • Antifungal infection if the patient has athlete’s foot
  • Pain killers to get relief from pain and discomfort
  • Keep the affected part alleviated to reduce the swelling
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Walk around to improve blood flow in the body
  • Wash the infected area with antifungal soap

Prevention of Erysipelas

  • Avoid scratching the infected area
  • Keep the sores, cut, and wounds clean and covered
  • Apply moisturizer to prevent breaking of skin
  • Consult a dermatologist if erysipelas is resulting in eczema

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