Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a slow blood circulation disorder that leads to blockage in blood vessels, outside your heart and brain. The blood is not able to circulate properly due to clots in the arteries and veins. Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) also affects the vessels that supply blood, oxygen and nutrients to your kidneys, stomach, intestines, and muscles. As this disease progress, it may completely block the artery and can damage any organ or other parts of the body. Claudication, arteriosclerosis obliterans, intermittent claudication, arterial insufficiency of legs are other names given to Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD). This disease is divided into two types: Organic and Functional Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD).
Causes of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
The causes of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) depend on its type. The organic and functional Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) has separate causes.
In Organic PVD there is a change in the structure of blood vessels, causing damage in the tissue, plaques and inflammation, which causes your blood vessels to narrow. Common causes of Organic PVD are:
In Functional PVD there is no material damage to your blood vessels, but narrow down or widen of vessels causes the decrease in blood flow. Common causes of Functional PVD are:
Risk Factors of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
- Cold temperature
- Other factors that cause numbness in muscles
There are several risk factors related to Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD), some of the major factors are listed below:
Symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) depend on the affected artery. The lack of blood flow in the artery mostly causes pain in leg calves, thighs, and hips. The pain generally starts, with exercise or regressive physical movement. Sometimes pain also occurs when you are walking or climbing stairs. Other symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) include:
Diagnosis of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)
A diagnostic test
may be done for measuring the pulses in your legs and feet, blood pressure readings in your leg and arm. The tests done to diagnose Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) include:
- There are a number of medication and surgery procedures available for the treatment of this disease. Lifestyle changes such as daily jogging, losing weight and balanced diet can also help in the treatment of PVD.
- Medicine is given to reduce the painful symptoms, increase the blood flow, and to keep your diabetes and cholesterol under control. PVD medication may include atorvastatin, cilostazal, clopidogrel.
- If medicines alone are not showing any improvement than following surgeries may be performed including bypass surgery, angioplasty and stents, heart valve treatment, heart transplant.